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Eruptions that shook the world

Further reading & data sources

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Appendix B from the book (Further reading and data sources)

Chapter 1

  • Francis, P. & Oppenheimer, C., 2004, Volcanoes, Oxford University Press.
  • Lockwood, J. & Hazlett, R.W., 2010, Volcanoes: global perspectives, Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Parfitt, L. & Wilson, L., 2008, Fundamentals of physical volcanology, Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Schmicke, H.-U., 2003, Volcanism, Springer-Verlag.
  • Sigurdsson, H., Houghton, B., McNutt, S., Rymer, H. & Stix, J. (eds), 1999, Encyclopedia of volcanoes, Academic Press.

Chapter 2

  • Baxter, P.J., Blong, R. & Neri, A. (eds), 2008, Evaluating explosive eruption risk at European volcanoes – contributions from the EXPLORIS project, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 178, 331–592.
  • Blong, R.J., 1984, Volcanic hazards: a sourcebook on the effects of eruptions, Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Florida.
  • Branney, M.J. & Kokelaar, P., 2002, Pyroclastic Density Currents and the Sedimentation of Ignimbrites. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 27.
  • Cole, J.W., Milner, D.A. & Spinks, K.D., 2005, Calderas and caldera structures: a review, Earth-Science Reviews, 69, 1–26. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2004.06.004
  • Crisafulli, C.M., Swanson, F.J. & Dale, V.H., 2005, Overview of ecological responses to the eruption of Mount St. Helens: 1980–2005, in Ecological responses to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Springer New York, 287–299.
  • De Boer, J.Z. & Sanders, D.T., 2004, Volcanoes in human history: the far-reaching effects of major eruptions, Princeton University Press, ISBN13: 978-0-691-11838-3
  • Martí, J. & Ernst, G.J., 2005, Volcanoes and the environment, Cambridge University Press.
  • Thornton, I., 1996, Krakatau: the destruction and reassembly of an island ecosystem, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, xi + 346 pp, ISBN 0-674-50568-9.

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

  • Alley, R.B., 2002, The two-mile time machine: ice cores, abrupt climate change, and our future, Princeton University Press, Princeton, ISBN-10: 0691102961.
  • Baillie, M.G.L., 1995, A slice through time: dendrochronology and precision dating, Routledge, London, ISBN-10: 0713476540.
  • Cas, R.A.F. & Wright, J.V., 1988, Volcanic successions: modern and ancient, Unwin Hyman, London, ISBN-10: 0412446405.
  • Fisher, R.V. & Schmincke, H.-U., 1984, Pyroclastic rocks, Springer, Berlin, ISBN-10: 0387127569.
  • Rapp, G.R. & Hill, C.L., 2006, Geoarchaeology: the Earth science approach to archaeological interpretation, Yale University Press, ISBN-10: 0300109660.
  • Winchester, S., 2005, Krakatoa: the day the world exploded, Harper Perennial, ISBN-13: 978-0060838591
  • The Centre for Ice and Climate at the Niels Bohr Institute
Data sources:

Chapter 5

  • Beard, M., 2008, Pompeii: the life of a Roman town, Profile Books.
  • Blong, R.J., 1982, Time of darkness: local legends and volcanic reality in Papua New Guinea, University of Washington Press, ISBN-10: 0295958804.
  • Cashman, K.V. & Giordano, G. (eds), 2008, Volcanoes and human history, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 176(3), 325–438.
  • Cruikshank, J., 2006, Do glaciers listen? Local knowledge, colonial encounters, and social imagination, University of British Columbia Press, ISBN-13: 978-0774811873
  • Grattan, J. and Torrence, R. (eds), 2007, Living under the shadow: the cultural impacts of volcanic eruptions, Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California, USA.
  • McCoy, F.W. & Heiken, G. (eds), Volcanic hazards and disasters in human antiquity, Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 345.
  • Sheets, P.D., 2005, The Ceren site: an ancient village buried by volcanic ash in Central America, Wadsworth Publishing Company.
  • Sheets, P.D. & Grayson, D.K. (eds), 1979, Volcanic activity and human ecology, Academic Press, New York.
  • Torrence, R. & Grattan, J. (eds), 2002. Natural disasters and cultural change, Routledge, London.

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

  • Foley, R. & Gamble, C., 2009, The ecology of social transitions in human evolution, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 364, 3267–3279. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0136
  • Hetherington, R. & Reid, R.G.B., 2010, The climate connection: climate change and modern human evolution, Cambridge University Press, ISBN-13: 9780521147231.
  • Oppenheimer, S., 2004, Out of Eden: the peopling of the world, Robinson Publishing, ISBN-10: 1841198943.
  • Stringer, C., 2011, The origin of our species, Allen Lane.
  • Tattersall, I. & Schwartz, J.H., 2009, Evolution of the genus Homo, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 37, 67–92. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.earth.031208.100202
  • Wood, B., 2010, Reconstructing human evolution: Achievements, challenges, and opportunities, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107, 8902–8909. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1001649107

Chapter 8

Chapter 9

  • Friedrich, W.L., 2009, Santorini: volcano, natural history, mythology, Aarhus University Press, ISBN-13: 978-8779345058.
  • Cline, E.H., 2010, The Oxford handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean, Oxford University Press, ISBN-13: 978-0195365504
  • Warburton, D.A., 2009, Time's Up! Dating the Minoan eruption of Santorini, Aarhus University Press, ISBN-13: 978-8779340244
  • Adler, D.S. & Jőris, O. (eds.), 2008, Chronology of the Middle-Upper Paleolithic Transition in Eurasia, Journal of Human Evolution, 55, 761–926.

Chapter 10

Chapter 11

  • Baillie, M., 1999, Exodus to Arthur: catastrophic encounters with comets, Batsford Ltd., London
  • Rosen, W., 2007, Justinian's flea: plague, empire, and the birth of Europe, Viking, New York, 367 pp.
  • Sarris, P., 2009, Economy and society in the age of Justinian, Cambridge University Press, pp.xi + 258
  • Ward-Perkins, B., 2005, The fall of Rome and the end of civilization, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-280728-5

Chapter 12

  • Laxness, H., 1946, Independent People, Vintage Classics, ISBN-10: 009952712X.
  • Steingrímsson, J., 1788. Fullkomið skrif um Síðueld (A complete description on the Síða volcanic fire), translated by K. Kunz and published in 1998 as Fires of the Earth: The Laki eruption 1783–1784 by the Nordic Volcanological Institute and the University of Iceland Press (ISBN-10: 9979-54-244-6).

Chapter 13

  • Harington, C.R. (ed), 1992, The year without a summer? World climate in 1816, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, ISBN 0-660-13063-7.
  • Post, J.D., 1977, The last great subsistence crisis in the Western World, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Chapter 14

Additional sources (uncited in the book)

Chapter 1

  • Allwood, A.C., Grotzinger, J.P., Knoll, A.H., Burch, I.W., Anderson, M.S., Coleman, M.L. & Kanik, I., 2009, Controls on development and diversity of Early Archean stromatolites, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 106, 9548–9555.
  • Ferguson, D.J., Barnie, T.D., Pyle, D.M., Oppenheimer, C., Yirgu, G., Lewi, E., Kidane, T., Carn, S. & Hamling, I., 2010, Recent rift related volcanism in Afar, Ethiopia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 409–418
  • Ghiorso, M.S. & Sack, R.O., 1995, Chemical mass transfer in magmatic processes IV. A revised and internally consistent thermodynamic model for the interpolation and extrapolation of liquid-solid equilibria in magmatic systems at elevated temperatures and pressures, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 119, 197–212.
  • Grove, T.L. & Parman, S.W., 2004, Thermal evolution of the Earth as recorded by komatiites, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 219, 173–187.
  • Irvine, T.N. & Baragar, W.R.A., 1971, A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 8, 523–548.
  • Jellinek, A.M. & DePaolo, D.J., 2003, A model of the origin of large silicic magma chambers: Precursors of caldera?forming eruptions, Bulletin of Volcanology, 65, 363–381.
  • Le Bas, M.J., Le Maitre, R.W., Streckeisen, A. & Zanettin, B., 1986, A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali-silica diagram, Journal of Petrology, 27, 745–750.
  • Mason, B.G., Pyle, D.M. & Oppenheimer, C., 2004, The size and frequency of the largest explosive eruptions on Earth, Bulletin of Volcanology, 66, 735–748.
  • McDonough, W.F., Sun, S.-s., 1995, The composition of the Earth, Chemical Geology, 120, 223–253.
  • McKenzie, D., 1984, The generation and compaction of partially molten rock, Journal of Petrology, 25, 713–765.
  • McKenzie, D., 1985, The extraction of magma from the crust and mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 74, 81–91.
  • Newhall, C.G. & Self, S., 1982, The volcanic explosivity index (VEI): an estimate of explosive magnitude for historical volcanism, Journal of Geophysical Research, 87(C2), 1231–1238.
  • Oppenheimer, C., 2003, Volcanic degassing, in: The Crust (ed. R.L. Rudnick) Vol. 3, Treatise on Geochemistry (eds. H.D. Holland and K.K. Turekian), Elsevier-Pergamon, Oxford, 123–166.
  • Peacock, S.A., 1990, Fluid processes in subduction zones, Science, 248, 329–337.
  • Pyle, D.M., 1999, Sizes of volcanic eruptions, in H. Sigurdsson et al., eds., Encyclopedia of Volcanology, Academic Press, 263–269.
  • Sleep, N.H., 1990, Hotspots and mantle plumes: Some phenomenology, Journal of Geophysical Research, 95(B5), 6715–6736.
  • Takahashi, E. & Kushiro, I., 1983, Melting of a dry peridotite at high pressures and basalt magma genesis, American Mineralogist, 68, 859–887

Chapter 2

  • Araya, O., Wittwer, F., Villa, A. & Ducom, C., 1990, Bovine fluorosis following volcanic activity in the southern Andes, The Veterinary Record, 126, 641–642.
  • Baxter, P.J., Baubron, J.-C. & Coutinho, R., 1999, Health hazards and disaster potential of ground gas emissions at Furnas volcano, São Miguel, Azores, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 92, 95–106.
  • Baxter, P.J., Kapila, M. & Mfonfu, D., 1989, Lake Nyos disaster, Cameroon, 1986: the medical effects of large scale emission of carbon dioxide? British Medical Journal, 298, 1437–1441.
  • Branney, M.J. & Kokelaar, P., 2002, Pyroclastic Density Currents and the Sedimentation of Ignimbrites. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 27.
  • Casadevall, T.J., 1994, The 1989–1990 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska: impacts on aircraft operations, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 62, 310–316.
  • Cole, J.W., Milner, D.A. & Spinks, K.D., 2005, Calderas and caldera structures: a review, Earth-Science Reviews, 69, 1–26.
  • Crisafulli, C.M., Swanson, F.J. & Dale, V.H., 2005, Overview of ecological responses to the eruption of Mount St. Helens: 1980–2005, in Ecological responses to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Springer New York, 287–299.
  • Cronin, S.J., Neall, V.E., Lecointre, J.A., Hedley, M.J. & Loganathan, P., 2003, Environmental hazards of fluoride in volcanic ash: a case study from Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 121, 271–279.
  • Del Moral, R. & Grishin, S.Yu., 1999, Volcanic disturbances and ecosystem recovery, Ecosystems of the World (ed. L.R. Walker), 16, 137–160.
  • Delmelle, P., Stix, J., Bourque, C.P.A., Baxter, P., Garcia-Alvarez, J. & Barquero, J., 2001, Dry deposition and heavy acid loading in the vicinity of Masaya volcano, a major sulfur and chlorine source in Nicaragua, Environmental Science and Technology, 7,1289–1293.
  • Duggen, S., Olgun, N., Croot, P., Hoffmann, L., Dietze, H., Delmelle, P. & Teschner, C., 2010, The role of airborne volcanic ash for the surface ocean biogeochemical iron-cycle: a review, Biogeosciences, 7, 827–844.
  • Festa, G., Zollo, A., Manfredi, G., Polese, M. & Cosenza, E., 2004, Simulation of earthquake ground motion and effects on engineering structures during the preeruptive phase of an active volcano, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 94, 2213–2221.
  • Gauci, V., Blake, S., Stevenson, D.S. & Highwood, E.J., 2008, Halving of the northern wetland CH4 source by a large Icelandic volcanic eruption, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, G00A11, doi:10.1029/2007JG000499.
  • Gauci, V., Dise, N., & Blake, S., 2005, Long-term suppression of wetland methane flux following a pulse of simulated acid rain, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L12804, doi:10.1029/2005GL022544.
  • Hamilton, C.W., Thordarson, Th. & Fagents, S.A., 2010, Explosive lava–water interactions I: architecture and emplacement chronology of volcanic rootless cone groups in the 1783–1784 Laki lava flow, Iceland, Bulletin of Volcanology, 72, 449–467.
  • Hansell, A.L. & Oppenheimer, C., 2004, Health hazards from volcanic gases – a systematic literature review, Archives of Environmental Health, 59, 628–639.
  • Kerle, N., van Wyk de Vries, B. & Oppenheimer, C., 2003, New insight into the factors leading to the 1998 flank collapse and lahar disaster at Casita volcano, Nicaragua. Bulletin of Volcanology, 65, 331-345.
  • Lacroix, A., 1904, La Montagne Pelée et ses éruptions, Masson, Paris.
  • Lansing, J.S. et al., 2001, Volcanic fertilization of Balinese rice paddies, Ecological Economics, 38, 383–390.
  • Loughlin, S.C., Baxter, P.J., Aspinall, W.P., Darroux, B., Harford, C.L. & Miller, A.D., 2002, Eyewitness accounts of the 25 June 1997 pyroclastic flows and surges at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, and implications for disaster mitigation, Geological Society, London, Memoirs 21, 211–230.
  • Mastrolorenzo, G., Petrone, P.P., Pagano, M., Incoronato, A., Baxter, P.J., Canzanella, A. & Fattore, L., 2001, Herculaneum victims of Vesuvius in AD 79, Nature, 410, 769–770.
  • Nriagu, J.O., 1979, A global assessment of natura sources of atmospheric trace metals, Nature, 338, 47–49.
  • Orsi, G. et al., 1999, Short-term ground deformations and seismicity in the resurgent Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy): an example of active block-resurgence in a densely populated area, Journal of volcanology and Geothermal Research, 91, 415–451.
  • Payne, R. & Blackford, J., 2008, Distal volcanic impacts on peatlands: palaeoecological evidence from Alaska, Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 2012–2030.
  • Pierson, T.C., Janda, R.J., Thouret, J.-C. & Borrero, C.A., 1990, Perturbation and melting of snow and ice by the 13 November 1985 eruption of Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia, and consequent mobilization, flow and deposition of lahars, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 41, 17–66.
  • Sable, J.E., Houghton, B.F., Del Carlo, P. & Coltelli, M., 2006, Changing conditions of magma ascent and fragmentation during the Etna 122 BC basaltic Plinian eruption: Evidence from clast microtextures, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 158, 333–354.
  • Schmincke, H.-U., Kutterolf, S., Pérez, W., Rausch, J., Freundt, A. & Strauch, W., 2009, Walking through volcanic mud: the 2,100-year-old Acahualinca footprints (Nicaragua), Bulletin of Volcanology, 71, 479–493.
  • Self, S. & Rampino, M.R., 1981, The 1883 eruption of Krakatau, Nature, 294, 699–704.
  • Siebe, C., 2000, Age and archaeological implications of Xitle volcano, soutwestern Basin of Mexico-City, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 104, 45–64.
  • Small, C. & Naumann, T., 2001, The global distribution of human population and recent volcanism, Environmental Hazards, 3, 93-109.
  • Toyos, G., Gunasekera, R., Zanchetta, R., Oppenheimer, C., Sulpizio, R., Favalli, M. & Pareschi, M. T., 2008, GIS-assisted modelling for debris flow hazard assessment based on the events of May 1998 in the area of Sarno, Southern Italy: II. Velocity and dynamic pressure, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 33, 1693–1708.
  • Witham, C.S. & Oppenheimer, C., 2005, Volcanic ash leachates: a review and recommendations for sampling methods, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 141, 299–326.
  • Woods, A.W., 2010, Turbulent plumes in nature, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 42, 391–412.
  • Zuccaro, G., Cacace, F., Spence, R.J.S. & Baxter, P.J., 2008, Impact of explosive eruption scenarios at Vesuvius, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 178, 416–453.

Chapter 3

  • Abdalati, W., and Steffen, K., 1997, The apparent effects of the Mt. Pinatubo eruption on the Greenland ice sheet melt extent, Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 1795-1797.
  • Broccoli, A.J., Dixon, K.W., Delworth, T.L., Knutson, T.R., Stouffer, R.J. & Zeng, F., 2003, Twentieth-century temperature and precipitation trends in ensemble climate simulations including natural and anthropogenic forcing, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(D24), 4798, doi:10.1029/2003JD003812.
  • Chakraborty, P., Gioia, G. & Kieffer, S.W., 2009, Volcanic mesocyclones, Nature, 458, 487–500.
  • Coffey, M.T., 1996, Observations of the impact of volcanic activity on stratospheric chemistry, Journal of Geophysical Research 101, 6767-80.
  • D'Arrigo, R., Wilson, R. & Tudhope, A., 2009, The impact of volcanic forcing on tropical temperatures during the past four centuries, Nature Geoscience, 2, 51–56.
  • Emile-Geay, J., Seager, R., Cane, M.A., Cook, E.R. & Haug, G.H. 2008, Volcanoes and ENSO over the past millennium. Journal of Climate, 21, 3134–3148.
  • Fero, J., Carey, S.N. & Merrill, J.T., 2009, Simulating the dispersal of tephra from the 199Pinatubo eruption: Implications for the formation of widespread ash layers, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 186, 120–131.
  • Genin, A., Lazar, B. and Brenner, S., 1995, Vertical mixing and coral death in the Red Sea following the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo, Nature 377,507–510.
  • Graf, H.-F., Kirchner; I., Robock, A. & Schult, I., 1993, Pinatubo eruption winter climate effects: Model versus observation, Climate Dynamics, 9, 81–93.
  • Holasek, R.E., Self, S. & Woods, A.W., 1996, Satellite observations and interpretation of the 199Mount Pinatubo eruption plumes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101(B12), 27,635-27,655.
  • Marshall, A.G., Scaife, A.A. & Ineson, S., 2009, Enhanced seasonal prediction of European winter warming following volcanic eruptions, Journal of Climate, 22, 6168–6180.
  • Nagai, T., Liley, B., Sakai, T., Shibata, T. & Uchimo, O., 2010, Post-Pinatubo evolution and subsequent trend of the stratospheric aerosol layer observed by mid-latitude lidars in both hemispheres, SOLA, 6, 69–72.
  • Niemeier, U., Timmreck, C., Graf, H.-F., Kinne, S. Rast, S. & Self, S., 2009, Initial fate of fine ash and sulfur from large volcanic eruptions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 9043–9057.
  • Robock, A., 2000, Volcanic eruptions and climate, Reviews of Geophysics, 38, 191–219.
  • Robock, A., 2005, Cooling following large volcanic eruptions corrected for the effect of diffuse radiation on tree rings, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L06702, doi:10.1029/2004GL022116.
  • Schneider, D.P., Ammann, C.M., Otto-Bliesner, B.L. & Kaufman, D.S., 2009, Climate response to large, high-latitude and low-latitude volcanic eruptions in the Community Climate System Model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D15101, doi:10.1029/2008JD011222.
  • Stenchikov, G., Hamilton, K., Stouffer, R.J., Robock, A., Ramaswamy, V., Santer, B. & Graf, H.-F., 2006, Arctic Oscillation response to volcanic eruptions in the IPCC AR4 climate models, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, D07107, doi:10.1029/2005JD006286.
  • Textor, C., Graf, H.-F., Herzog, M. & Oberhuber, J.M., 2003, Injection of gases into the stratosphere by explosive volcanic eruptions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(D19), 4606, doi:10.1029/2002JD002987.
  • Thomas, M.A., Giorgetta, M.A., Timmreck, C., Graf, H.-F. & Stenchikov, G., 2009, Simulation of the climate impact of Mt. Pinatubo eruption using ECHAM5 – Part 2: Sensitivity to the phase of the QBO and ENSO, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 3001–3009,
  • Thomas, M.A., Timmreck, C., Giorgetta, M.A., Graf, H.-F. & Stenchikov, G., 2009, Simulation of the climate impact of Mt. Pinatubo eruption using ECHAM5 – Part 1: Sensitivity to the modes of atmospheric circulation and boundary conditions, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 757–769,
  • Wetzel, A., 2009, The preservation potential of ash layers in the deep-sea: the example of the 1991-Pinatubo ash in the South China Sea, Sedimentology, 56, 1992–2009.
  • Wong, T., Wielicki, B.A., Lee, R.B., Smith, G.L. & Bush, K., 2006, Re-examination of the observed decadal variability of Earth Radiation Budget using altitude-corrected ERBE/ERBS nonscanner WFOV data, Journal of Climate, 19, 4028– 4040.

Chapter 4

  • Baillie, M.G.L., 2010, Volcanoes, ice-cores and tree rings: one story or two? Antiquity, 84, 202–215.
  • Barbante, C. et al., 2006, One-to-one coupling of glacial climate variability in Greenland and Antarctica, Nature, 444, 195–198.
  • Beck, J.W., Edwards, R.L., Ito, E., Taylor, F.W., Recy, J., Rougerie, F., Joannot, P. & Henin, C., 1992, Sea-surface temperature from coral skeletal strontium/calcium ratios, Science, 257. 644–647.
  • Bourne, A.J., Lowe, J.J., Trincardi, F., Asioli, A., Blockley, S.P.E., Wulf, S., Matthews, I.P., Piva, A. & Vigliotti, L., 2010, Distal tephra record for the last ca 105,000 years from core PRAD 1-2 in the central Adriatic Sea: implications for marine tephrostratigraphy, Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.07.021.
  • Briffa, K.R., Osborn, T.J. & Schweingruber, F.H., 2004, Large-scale temperature inferences from tree rings: a review, Global and Planetary Change, 40, 11–26.
  • Briffa, K.R., Osborn, T.J., Schweingruber, F.H., Jones, P.D., Shiyatov, S.G. & Vaganov, E.A., 2002, Tree-ring width and density data around the Northern Hemisphere: part 2, spatio-temporal variability and associated climate patterns, The Holocene, 12, 759–789.
  • D'Arrigo, R. Wilson, R. & Tudhope, A., 2008, The impact of volcanic forcing on tropical temperatures during the past four centuries, Nature Geoscience, 2, 51–56.
  • Dansgaard, W. et al., 1993, Evidence for general instability of past climate from a 250-kyr ice-core record, Nature, 364, 218–220.
  • Davies, S.M., Wastegård, S., Abbott, P.M., Barbante, C., Bigler, M., Johnsem, S.J., Rasmussen, T.L., Steffensen, J.P. & Svensson, A., 2010, Tracing volcanic events in the NGRIP ice-core and synchronising North Atlantic marine records during the last glacial period, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 294, 69–79.
  • Dunbar, R.B., Wellington, G.M., Colgan, M.W. & Glynn, P.W., 1994, Eastern Pacific sea surface temperature since 1600 A.D.: the ?18O record of climate variability in Galápagos corals, Paleoceanography, 9, 291–315.
  • Frisia, S., Borsato, A. & Susini, J., 2008, Synchrotron radiation applications to past volcanism archived in speleothems: an overview, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 177, 96–100.
  • Gagan M.K. & Chivas, A.R., 1995, Oxygen isotopes in western Australian coral reveal Pinatubo aerosol-induced cooling in the Western Pacific Warm Pool, Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 1069–1072.
  • Gao, C., Oman, L., Robock, A. & Stenchikov, G.L., 2007, Atmospheric volcanic loading derived from bipolar ice cores: Accounting for the spatial distribution of volcanic deposition, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D09109, doi:10.1029/2006JD007461.
  • Guiot, J., Corona, C. & ESCARSEL members, 2010, Growing season temperatures in Europe and climate forcings over the past 1400 years, PLoS ONE, 5(4): e9972. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009972.
  • Hammer, C.U., 1977, Past volcanism revealed by Greenland ice sheet impurities, Nature 270, 482–486.
  • Hofmann, C., Courtillot, V., Féraud, G., Rochette, P., Yirgu, G., Ketefo, E. & Pik, R., 1997, Timing of the Ethiopian flood basalt event and implications for plume birth and global change, Nature, 389, 838–841.
  • Jones P.D., Briffa K.R., Barnett T.P. & Tett, S.F.B., 1998, High-resolution palaeoclimatic records for the last millennium: interpretation, integration and comparison with General Circulation Model control-run temperatures, The Holocene, 8, 455–471.
  • Keenan D.J., 2003, Volcanic ash retrieved from the GRIP ice core is not from Thera, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 4, 1097, doi: 10.1029/2003GC000608.
  • Kellerhals, T., Tobler, L., Brütsch, S., Sigl, M., Wacker, L., Gäggeler, H.W. & Schwikowski, M., 2010, Thallium as a tracer for preindustrial volcanic eruptions in an ice core from Illimani, Bolivia, Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 888–893.
  • Ljungqvist, F.C., 2009, Temperature proxy records covering the last two millennia: a tabular and visual overview, Geografiska Annaler, 9A, 11–29.
  • Lowe, D.J., 2008, Globalization of tephrochronology: new views from Australia, Progress in Physical Geography, 32, 311–335.
  • Machida, H. & Sugiyama, S., 2002, The impact of the Kikai-Akahoya explosive eruptions on human societies, In Natural disasters and cultural change (eds Torrence, R. & Grattan, J.), Routledge, New York, 313–325.
  • Müller, K., Sinisalo, A., Anschütz, H., Hamran, S.-E., Hagen, J.-O., McConnell, J.R. & Pasteris, D.R., 2010, An 860 km surface mass-balance profile on the East Antarctic Pleateau derived by GPR, Annals of Glaciology, 51, 1–8.
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