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Céline Vidal BSc MSc PhD

Céline Vidal BSc MSc PhD

Research Associate at Hughes Hall

Bye-Fellow at Fitzwilliam College

I am a volcanologist and my research focuses on explosive eruptions and their impacts on Earth and civilisations

Biography

Career

  • Since Dec 2016: Postdoctoral research associate, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, UK
  • 2015-2016: Teaching fellow, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, France
  • 2012-2016: PhD student, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, France

Qualifications

  • 2012-2016: PhD Earth and Environmental Sciences (hons), Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, France
  • June 2014: Certificate of Scientific Mediation and Journalism, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, France
  • 2010-2011: MSc Geology and Natural Hazards (hons), double MSc degree at the Universitat de Barcelona - Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain
  • 2009-2011: MSc Chemistry, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Lille, France
  • 2006-2009: BSc Chemistry, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Lille, France

Research

The goal of my research is to understand the impacts of gas emissions during explosive eruptions on climate and civilisations. I reconstruct past eruptions with an interdisciplinary approach that involves magma geochemistry, petrology, physical volcanology, tephrostratigraphy, climatology and archaeology.

I am currently studying the timing and characteristics of caldera-forming eruptions in the Ethiopian Rift and their impacts on Homo Sapiens evolving in the Rift during the Middle Pleistocene, in the framework of the Leverhulme project 'Nature and impacts of Middle Pleistocene volcanism in the Ethiopian Rift' https://www.geog.cam.ac.uk/research/projects/ethiopianrift/

Publications

Selected publications

  • Nicole Métrich, Celine M Vidal, Jean-Christophe Komorowski, Indyo Pratomo, Agnès Michel, Nugraha Kartadinata, Oktory Prambada, Heryadi Rachmat, Surono: New Insights into Magma Differentiation and Storage in Holocene Crustal Reservoirs of the Lesser Sunda Arc: the Rinjani–Samalas Volcanic Complex (Lombok, Indonesia). Journal of Petrology 58.11 (2017): 2257-2284.

  • Céline M. Vidal, Nicole Métrich, Jean-Christophe Komorowski, Indyo Pratomo, Agnès Michel, Nugraha Kartadinata, Vincent Robert, Franck Lavigne: The 1257 Samalas eruption (Lombok, Indonesia): The single greatest stratospheric gas release of the Common Era. Scientific Reports 10/2016; 6., doi:10.1038/srep34868
  • Céline M. Vidal, Jean-Christophe Komorowski, Nicole Métrich, Indyo Pratomo, Nugraha Kartadinata, Oktory Prambada, Agnès Michel, Guillaume Carazzo, Franck Lavigne, Jessica Rodysill, Karen Fontijn, Surono: Dynamics of the major plinian eruption of Samalas in 1257 A.D. (Lombok, Indonesia). Bulletin of Volcanology 08/2015; 77(73)., doi:10.1007/s00445-015-0960-9
  • Franck Lavigne, Jean-Philippe Degeai, Jean-Christophe Komorowski, Sébastien Guillet, Vincent Robert, Pierre Lahitte, Clive Oppenheimer, Markus Stoffel, Céline M Vidal, Surono, Indyo Pratomo, Patrick Wassmer, Irka Hajdas, Danang Sri Hadmoko, Edouard de Belizal: Source of the great A.D. 1257 mystery eruption unveiled, Samalas volcano, Rinjani Volcanic Complex, Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 09/2013; 110(42)., doi:10.1073/pnas.1307520110
  • Estuning Tyas Wulan Mei, Franck Lavigne, Adrien Picquout, Edouard de Bélizal, Daniel Brunstein, Delphine Grancher, Junun Sartohadi, Noer Cholik, Céline Vidal: Lessons learned from the 2010 evacuations at Merapi volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 07/2013; 261., doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.03.010
  • Edouard de Bélizal, Franck Lavigne, Danang Sri Hadmoko, Jean-Philippe Degeai, Gilang Aria Dipayana, Bachtiar Wahyu Mutaqin, Muh Aris Marfai, Marie Coquet, Baptiste Le Mauff, Anne-Kyria Robin, Céline Vidal, Noer Cholik, Nurnaning Aisyah: Rain-triggered lahars following the 2010 eruption of Merapi volcano, Indonesia: A major risk. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 07/2013; 261., doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.01.010

Teaching

  • 2017-2018: Supervisor of Fitzwilliam Part IA Geography Tripos, The Earth, Atmospheric Processes and Climate, Environmental Change during the Quaternary, and Part II Geography Tripos, Paper 10: Volcanology
  • Winter (Lent) term 2017: Supervisor, Part IB Geography Tripos Volcanic Hazards and Part II Geography Tripos, Paper 10: Volcanology
  • Invited lecturer, Volcanic Risks, 2nd year MSc, Ecole Polytech' Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
  • 2015-2016: part-time teaching fellow, IPGP-Université Sorbonne Paris Cité

External activities