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James Pollard BA

James Pollard BA

PhD Candidate, Department of Geography and Jesus College

Researching patterns and processes of large-scale coastal behaviour. Focusing on the North Norfolk coast this work seeks to better understand coastal flood risk, with implications for inland communities and ecosystems.



  • 2016 - present: PhD 'Temporal and spatial patterns of shoreline change and exposure of coastal communities and ecosystems to future flood risks'. NERC funded through DREAM CDT (Data, Risk, and Environmental Analytical Methods).


  • BA Geography (2016 - First Class with Distinction)
    Undergraduate dissertation: 'Characterising risk perceptions surrounding hydraulic fracturing operations in New Zealand'.

Awards and honours

  • Future Cities Fellowship (2018)
  • British Society for Geomorphology Conference Attendance Grant (2018)
  • Jesus College Scholar (2016)
  • Phillip Lake Prize (2015)
  • Jesus College Scholar (2015)
  • Jesus College Geography Prize (2015)
  • David Richards Travel Scholarship (2015)
  • Jesus College Travel Grant (2015)
  • Bedford Travel Grant (2015)
  • Mary Euphrasia Mosley, Sir Bartle Frere & Worts Travel Funds (2015)
  • Jesus College Exhibitioner (2014)
  • Jesus College Geography Prize (2014)


At any one time, and in any one place, the morphology of the coast reflects the interaction of marine, terrestrial, climatic and anthropogenic forcing factors. The complexity that results makes it difficult to abstract general rules to explain coastal change and demands instead, detailed longitudinal studies with explicit attention to local setting.

My current research makes use of historical maps, aerial photography and various remotely sensed datasets to provide a detailed account of morphological change at the coast over the past 120 years. In seeking a process-based understanding for the changes observed, the relative importance of extreme events versus continuous forcing is a central line of investigation.

The Hut, Scolt Head Island, North Norfolk Coast.

The insights gained through this study of historic shoreline change along the North Norfolk coast possess inherent relevance to coastal risk management. Previous research by the Cambridge Coastal Research Unit has established that storm surge impacts display considerable alongshore variation which can be attributed to the effect of local setting. This means that it is important to consider both the coastal setting (eg: open or sheltered) and environment (eg: saltmarsh, sand dune or tidal flat) when modelling surge propagation from its offshore source to coastal communities at risk. Current approaches to modelling surge risk typically omit rigorous analyses of future shoreline position and morphology, representing a gap in our knowledge that this research seeks to address.

The North Norfolk Coast provides an appropriate study site for this research given the long period of scientific study including detailed records of extreme events and habitat response to this exposure. This coast is host to an array of nationally and internationally protected areas, alongside AONB and Heritage Coast designations. Future changes in these environments are therefore of great importance, not least to those communities and businesses dependant on this coast for commerce and leisure.

Image: The Hut, Scolt Head Island, North Norfolk Coast. James Pollard, 2016.



  • Pollard, M. and Pollard, J. A. (2017) North Sea Surge: The Story of the East Coast Floods of 1953, 2nd Edition. Lavenham Publishing Group: Suffolk.North Sea Surge: the Story of the East Coast Floods of 1953, 2nd Edition.

Journal Articles

  • Pollard, J. A. and Rose, D. A. (under review) 'Lightning rods, earthquakes, and regional identities: towards a multi-scale framework of assessing fracking risk perception', Risk Analysis.
  • Pollard, J. A., Spencer, T. and Jude, S. (under review) 'Big Data Approaches for coastal flood risk assessment and emergency response' WIRES Climate Change.
  • Pollard, J. A., Spencer, T. and Brooks, S. (under review) 'The interactive relationship between coastal erosion and flood risk'. Progress in Physical Geography.

Conference presentations

  • Pollard, J. A. (2018) Geomorphic Risk: investigating the relationship between geomorphology, erosion and flooding at the coast. PICO, European Geosciences Union 2018, Vienna.
  • Pollard, J. A. (2018) Using Big Data to investigate the relationship between erosion and flood risk at the coast. Oral presentation, Jesus College Graduate Conference, 2018, Cambridge.
  • Pollard, J. A., Spencer, T., Möller, I. (2017). Temporal and spatial patterns of shoreline change and implications for risk management in North Norfolk. Poster, Young Coastal Scientists and Engineers Conference, 2017, Bath.
  • Pollard, J. A. (2017) Emphasising shoreline morphology in the source-pathway-receptor approach to coastal risk management. Presentation, Data, Risk, and Environmental Analytic Methods (DREAM) Symposium 2017, Cambridge.


  • Supervisor: Geographical Tripos Part 1A, The Earth, The Cryosphere & Oceans, Coasts and Catchments.
  • Technical Guidance: Several third year dissertation students studying shoreline change in sandy systems.
  • Demonstrator: Geographical Tripos Part II, Muddy Coasts and Estuaries.

Committee positions

  • Graduate Teaching Committee, First Year PhD Representative
  • Graduate Student Committee, First Year Physical Geography PhD Representative
  • Postgraduate Forum, Co-convener

External activities

Professional affiliations

  • Postgraduate Member, British Society for Geomorphology (BSG)
  • Postgraduate Fellowship, Royal Geographical Society (RGS)
  • European Geosciences Union (EGU)


  • Cambridge Science Festival, 'Water, Water Everywhere', 'It's a Muddy World' and 'Shifting Landscapes'
  • Pint of Science, 'Our Society - Climate Change'