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Gill Newton MA MSc

Gill Newton MA MSc

Research Associate

Historical demography, historical computing



  • October 2003-present: Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure


  • 2005 MSc Computer science, Anglia Ruskin University
    Dissertation: Creating a customisable name matching algorithm for historical computing by refactoring (abstract)
  • 2003 MA English, Cambridge University
  • 1999 BA English, Cambridge University


I am interested in the application of large-scale datasets to reveal the changing demographic behaviour of past generations, both at a local, micro-geographical level and nationally. At present my main focus is on the interplay between mortality, disease transmission and urbanisation in premodern England, especially among the young. I am also working on employers identifiable through the 1851 to 1911 British Censuses. I have worked on sixteenth to eighteenth century London (see also and the occupational structure of Britain before, during and after the Industrial Revolution.

Much of my research is underpinned by linking individuals in historical records, which relies upon name standardisation and automated decision-making. I am involved in the creation, shaping and maintenance of many of CAMPOP's research databases and curate our population history datasets.



  • 2014: 'Clandestine marriage in early modern London: when, where and why?', Continuity and Change, 29:2, 151-180; (earlier draft version)
  • 2013 with Richard Smith: 'Convergence or divergence? Mortality in London, its suburbs and its hinterland between 1550 and 1700', Annales de démographie historique, 2, 17-49 (earlier draft version)
  • 2013: 'Family reconstitution in an urban context: some observations and methods', Cambridge Working Papers in Economic and Social History No. 12
  • 2011: 'Recent developments in making family reconstitutions', Local Population Studies, 87, 84-89
  • 2011: 'Infant mortality variations, feeding practices and social status in London between 1550 and 1750', Social History of Medicine, 24:2, 244-259 (doi:10.1093/shm/hkq042)
  • 2008 with Vanessa Harding et al: People in place: Families, households and housing in Early Modern London, Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2008
  • with Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Peter Kitson, E.A. Wrigley, Ros Davies and Max Satchell: 'The creation of a 'census' of adult male employment for England and Wales for 1817', unpublished working paper
  • with Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Peter Kitson, E.A. Wrigley, Ros Davies and Max Satchell: 'The occupational structure of England c.1710-c.1871', unpublished working paper
  • with Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Peter Kitson, E.A. Wrigley, Ros Davies and Max Satchell: 'The occupational structure of England and Wales c.1817-1881', unpublished working paper

Selected conference/seminar papers

  • Spatial relationships in short-term mortality experience in England 1600-1835, Economic History Society Conference, York, April 2013 related presentation slides
  • 'Parochial Registration and the Bills of Mortality: case studies in the age structure of causes of death in urban areas between 1583 and 1812', Mortality Past and Present Symposium, Gresham College, November 2012 video
  • 'Death in the suburbs: mortality in London and its hinterland between 1550 and 1700', European Social Science History Conference, Glasgow, April 2012
  • 'Trades and handy labour: occupations in London's growing eastern suburb, 1590 to 1710', Economic History Society Conference, Cambridge, April 2011 related presentation slides and abstract
  • 'Modernisation and Mortality in London's East End from 1550 to 1700', British Society for Population Studies Conference, Exeter, September 2010
  • with Mark Merry: 'Linking Londoners: data, decisions and early modern London sources', Connecting Histories: Digitization and databases in historical research, Newcastle, June 2009 related presentation slides
  • with Richard Smith: 'Rising infant mortality, social status and environment in London c. 1550-1750', Economic History Society Conference, Nottingham, March 2008
  • 'Infant feeding practices, social status and mortality variations in London c. 1550-1750', Rank Symposium on the origins of infant and child nutrition, Windermere, October 2007 (joint winner of prize for young researchers) related presentation slides and abstract
  • 'Assessing changes in the London family through family reconstitution: marriage, fertility and family size in suburban Clerkenwell and five City parishes, 1538-1753', European Association for Urban History conference, Stockholm, August 2006
  • 'Marriage à la mode: matrimony and mobility among the inhabitants of Early Modern Clerkenwell', People, Place and Plays conference, London, October 2005 (related presentation slides and abstract)