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Yves Moussallam BSc MSc PhD

Yves Moussallam BSc MSc PhD

Research Associate

Biography

Qualifications

  • 2010-2013: PhD, Volcanology, University of Cambridge, UK
  • 2008-2010: Master of Science, Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa, ON
  • 2005-2008: Scientific Baccalaureate - specialisation in Geology University of Ottawa, ON

Career highlight

  • 2015-2016 Research Fellow, Scripps institution of oceanography, USA
  • 2014 and 2015 Visiting Academic, University of Cambridge, UK
  • 2013-2015 Post-doctoral Researcher, CNRS - Orléans, FR

Awards

  • 2017 Emerging Leader Award, Deep Carbon Observatory
  • 2016-2017 International Funders' Award, Wellcome Trust, Gates Foundation, MRS, Institut Pasteur, BBSRC
  • 2015 Post Doctoral Fellowship, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD
  • 2013-2014 Philosophical Society research grant
  • 2013 VMSG; IAVCEI and Philosophical Society travel grants and Mazamas Research grant
  • 2010-2013 University of Cambridge Home and EU Scholarship Scheme
  • 2010, 2011, 2012: Philip Lake fund, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge
  • 2010: William Vaughan Lewis, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge
  • 2008-2010: International Tuition Fee Scholarship (University of Ottawa)
  • 2008-2010: Univ. of Ottawa Admission Scholarship
  • 2008: Geological Association of Canada Student Award
  • 2007 & 2008: Bickell Foundation Scholarship
  • 2007: Association of Professors of the University of Ottawa award
  • 2006-2010: University of Ottawa Dean's Honour List

Research

The goal of my research is to understand the transfer of volatile elements from the mantle to the surface via magma ascent and degassing. This involves a combination of fieldwork at active volcanoes, experimental and analytical petrology, and theoretical modelling:

  • Volcanic gas remote and in-situ sensing; I use a range of spectroscopic and other sensing equipment (OP-FTIR, UV-DOAS, electrochemical sensors, UV camera…) to characterise the gas emissions from volcanoes (e.g. Erebus, Villarrica, Turrialba, Merapi…) and understand the dynamics of active vs. passive degassing.
  • HP-HT ex- and in-situ experiments; I use experimental apparatus (IHPV/ piston cylinders/ controlled atmosphere furnace/ Paris-Edinburgh Press) increasingly in conjunction with synchrotron radiation sources (HP beamline at ESRF and SOLEIL) to study phase equilibria, volatile solubility and physical properties (density, viscosity) of magma at high pressure and temperature.
  • Melt inclusions and glass spectroscopy; I use laboratory and synchrotron-based analytical techniques (XANES/ ion probe/ x-ray micro-tomography/ Raman/ NMR/ FTIR/ LA-ICPMS/ EMP/ SEM) in natural and synthetic products to understand how the composition and structure of the liquid and solid phases behave during degassing.

Publications

  • Moussallam, Y., Peters, N., Masias, P., Apaza, F., Barnie, T., Schipper C. I., Curtis, A., Tamburello, G., Aiuppa, A., Bani, P., Giudice, G., Pieri, D., Davies, A.G., Oppenheimer, C. 2017. Magmatic gas percolation through the old lava dome of El Misti volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology. In press
  • Aiuppa, A., Bitetto, M., Francofonte, V., Velasquez, G., Bucarey Parra, C., Giudice, G., Liuzzo, M., Moretti, R., Moussallam, Y., Peters, N., Tamburello, G., Valderrama, O., Curtis, A. 2017. A CO2-gas precursor to the March 2015 Villarrica volcano eruption. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. doi:10.1002/2017GC006892
  • Moussallam, Y., Philipson, B., Curtis, A., Barnie, T., Moussallam, M., Peters, N., Schipper C. I., Aiuppa, A., Giudice, G., Amigo, A., Velasquez, G., Cardona., C. 2016. Sustaining persistent lava lakes: observations from high-resolution gas measurements at Villarrica volcano, Chile. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.012
  • Moussallam, Y., Edmonds, M., Scaillet, B., Peters, N., Gennaro, E., Sides, I., Oppenheimer, C. 2016. The impact of volatile degassing on the oxidation state of basaltic magmas; a case study at Kīlauea volcano. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 450: 317-325 doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.06.031
  • Moussallam, Y., Morizet, Y., Gaillard, F. 2016. H2O–CO2 solubility in low SiO2-melts and the unique mode of kimberlite degassing and emplacement. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 447: 151-160. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.04.037 (previously in extended review at Nature).
  • Moussallam, Y., Florian, P., Corradini, D., Morizet, Y., Sator, N., Vuilleumier, R., Guillot, B., Gaillard, F. 2016. The molecular structure of melts along the carbonatite-kimberlite-basalt compositional joint: CO2 and polymerisation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 434: 129-140. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.11.025
  • Schipper, I., Le Voyer, M., Moussallam, Y., White, J.D.L., Thordarson, T., Jackobsson, S.P., Kimura, J.I, Chang, Q. 2016. Degassing and magma mixing during the eruption of Surtsey Volcano (Iceland, 1963–1967): the signatures of a dynamic and discrete rift propagation event. Bulletin of Volcanology, 78, 4. 1-19. doi:10.1007/s00445-016-1025-4
  • Aiuppa, A., Bani, P., Moussallam, Y., Di Napoli, R., Allard, P., Gunawan, H., Hendrasto. M., Tamburello, G. First determination of magma-derived gas emissions from Bromo volcano, eastern Java (Indonesia). 2015. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.09.008
  • Shorttle, O., Moussallam, Y., Hartley, M., Maclennan, J., Edmonds, M., Murton. B. 2015. Enriched mantle domains reveal the role of recycled oceanic crust in the solid Earth oxygen cycle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.07.017 (previously in extended review at Science)
  • Skulski, T., Castonguay, S., Moussallam, Y., McNicoll, V., van Staal, C.R., and Bedard, J., 2015. Geology, Nippers Harbour and parts of Horse Islands, Cape St. John and Little Bay Island, Newfoundland and Labrador,NTS 12-E/13 and parts of NTS 2-E/12, NTS 2-E/14, and NTS 2-L/4. Geological Survey of Canada, Canadian Geoscience Map 160, 1 sheet, doi:10.4095/295866
  • Moussallam, Y., Oppenheimer, C., Scaillet, B., Buisman, I., Kimball, C., Dunbar, N., Burgisser, A., Ian Schipper, C., Andújar, J., Kyle, P. 2015. Megacrystals track magma convection between reservoir and surface. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 413, 1–12. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.12.022
  • Moussallam, Y., Morizet, Y., Laumonier, M., Gaillard, F. 2014. CO2 Solubility in Kimberlite melts. 2014. Chemical Geology. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.11.017
  • Moussallam, Y., Oppenheimer, C., Scaillet, B., Gaillard, F., Kyle, P., Peters, N., Hartley, M., Berlo, K., Donovan, A. 2014. Tracking the changing oxidation state of Erebus magmas, from mantle to surface, driven by magma ascent and degassing. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 393. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.02.055
  • Moussallam, Y., Peters, N., Ramírez, C., Oppenheimer, C., Aiuppa, A., Giudice, G. 2014. Characterisation of the magmatic signature in gas emissions from Turrialba volcano, Costa Rica. Solid Earth. doi:10.5194/sed-6-2293-2014
  • Moussallam, Y., Oppenheimer, C., Scaillet, B.S., Kyle, P. 2013. Experimental Phase-equilibrium Constraints on the Phonolite Magmatic System of Erebus Volcano, Antarctica. Journal of Petrology, 54, 4. doi:10.1093/petrology/egt012
  • Moussallam, Y., Oppenheimer, C., Aiuppa, A., Giudice, G., Moussallam, M., Kyle, P. 2012. Hydrogen emissions from Erebus volcano, Antarctica. Bulletin of Volcanology, 74, 9: 2109-2120. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0649-2
  • Moussallam, Y., Schneider, D.A., Janák, M., Thöni, M. & Holm, D.K. 2012. Heterogeneous extrusion and exhumation of deep-crustal Variscan assembly: Geochronology of the Western Tatra Mountains, northern Slovakia. Lithos, 144-145: 88-108. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2012.03.025
  • Skulski, T., Castonguay, S., McNicoll, V., van Staal, C., Kidd, W., Rogers, N., Morris, W., Ugalde, H., Slavinski, H., Spicer, W., Moussallam, Y. and Kerr, I. 2010: Tectonostratigraphy of the Baie Verte Oceanic Tract and its ophiolite cover sequence on the Baie Verte Peninsula. In Current Research. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources, Canadian Geological Survey, Report 10-1, pages 315-225. Open governmental publication

Teaching

  • Summer 2013: Lecturer, Volcanology (REACH program)
  • Spring 2013: Demonstrator, 2nd Geology field course, Cornwall
  • Winter 2013: Demonstrator, Igneous processes
  • Fall 2012: Supervisor, Physical Volcanology
  • Fall 2012: Demonstrator, Petrology
  • Summer 2012: Lecturer, Volcanology (REACH program)
  • Spring 2012: Demonstrator, 1st Geology field course, Isle of Arran
  • Winter 2012: Demonstrator, Igneous processes
  • Winter 2012: Demonstrator, The Earth
  • Fall 2011: Supervisor, Physical Volcanology
  • Fall 2011: Demonstrator, Petrology
  • Winter 2010: Lecturer for several geology short courses, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia.
  • Fall 2009: Teaching Assistant, Geo 3164 Metamorphic Petrology
  • Spring 2009: Teaching Assistant, Geo 2020 Field Study in West Virginia and North Carolina
  • Winter 2009: Teaching Assistant, Geo 2321 Structural Geology and Tectonics
  • Fall 2008: Teaching Assistant, Geo 3164 Metamorphic Petrology
  • Spring 2008: Teaching Assistant, Geo 2020 Field Study in Quebec
  • Winter 2008: Teaching Assistant, Geo 1111 Introduction to earth system
  • Fall 2007: Teaching Assistant, Geo 1515 Introduction to earth material
  • Winter 2007: Teaching Assistant, Geo 1301 Introduction to geology

External activities