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Piero Montebruno

Piero Montebruno

Research Associate

I am an economic geographer interested in entrepreneurship in the Victorian era. I have also done research on education (vouchers, student riots, political accountability), surrogacy, urban research, urbanisation in developing countries and Gale & Shapley algorithm.

Biography

Career

  • 2016: Research Assistant to Professors Vernon Henderson, Tony Venables and Paul Collier in the project "Urbanisation in Developing Countries", World Bank, Oxford University and London School of Economics and Political Science.
  • 2015-2017: Research Assistant to Professor Paul Cheshire at Spatial Economics Research Centre and Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science.
  • 2017-present: Research Associate in the Department of Geography of the University of Cambridge and The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure (Campop) in the project "The Drivers of Entrepreneurship and Small Business" led by Professor Bob Bennett.

Qualifications

  • 2017: PhD in Economic Geography, London School of Economics and Political Science
  • 2013: MA in Economics, Columbia University in the City of New York
  • 2010: Magíster in Economics, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Rank 2nd out of 36)
  • 2006: Diploma of Top Management of Healthcare Facilities and Networks, Universidad de Chile (Rank 1st out of 35)
  • 2005: Diploma of Management of Healthcare Institutions, Universidad de Chile (Rank 2nd out of 38)
  • 2004: Doctor of Medicine, Universidad de Chile (Rank 1st out of 198)
  • 2001: Licentiate of Medicine, Universidad de Chile (Rank 1st out of 210)

Awards and scholarships

  • Becas Chile Scholarship CONICYT, Chilean Government 2011-2015
  • Teaching Fellowship for Outstanding Academic Excellence, Columbia University 2012-2013
  • Official Selection in New Journalism Foundation Award, Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez's Foundation 2003
  • Mahfúd Massís's Award, Chilean Writers Society 2003
  • Scholarship for the best student in Medical School, Universidad de Chile 1996
  • Matrícula de Honor (Honour's Registration) Award, Universidad de Chile 1995
  • Eugenio Gellona's Award, Scuola Italiana de Santiago de Chile 1994

Research

At the centre of my current research agenda is entrepreneurship. Extremely difficult to grasp, it is the holy grail of economics and understanding its determinants is fascinating. Big data on entrepreneurship has only until now been available for modern periods but the recent electronic availability of the Censuses of the "First Industrial Nation" from 1851 to 1911 is challenging this paradigm. In my current affiliation in the Department of Geography and The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure (Campop), I am a Post Doctoral Research Associate on the ESRC funded project "The Drivers of Entrepreneurship and Small Businesses" led by Professor Bob Bennett. This project addresses a number of research questions, including: What were the long-term rates of entrepreneurship in the Victorian era? What were the key drivers of entrepreneurship? How did farm size and employment levels change over the rapid industrialisation? Was there any gender gap in this entrepreneurial activity? And what is the importance and evolution of portfolio entrepreneurs?

One of my other research interests is education: specially the analysis of the performance of the Chilean voucher system (the oldest and most radical in the world), the impact of school absence on test scores during the Chilean Winter (an outburst of student riots with almost 8 million riot-related missed school days), and the role of the closely scrutinised municipal school education in Chilean municipalities on the votes for incumbent mayors. I have also built the first surrogacy database for US states and performed economic tests on the effect of surrogacy on marriage, divorce and (out-of-wedlock) births for 2001 to 2013. Also, I was involved in the project "Urbanisation in Developing Countries" (World Bank, Oxford University and London School of Economics and Political Science) where I created and digitized a map for the 1999 Census in Nairobi with more than 4,500 enumeration areas in ArcGIS. With that unique level of geographical resolution my co-authors Julia Bird and Tanner Regan and I studied the evolution of slums in the city. Finally, I have recently been involved with an urban research group at the London School of Economics and Political Science led by Professor Paul Cheshire where I have been a Research Assistant for several projects including "Property Millionaires: The Growing Housing Divide" a report for Santander Mortgages; a geographical enquiry on travel patterns for workers in Central London and their relationship to the Metropolitan Green Belt; and finally, as a co-author with Paul Cheshire, Rosa Sanchis-Guarner and Christian Hilber in a paper on using micro-geography data to identify town-centres in Great Britain.

Publications

  • Cheshire, P., Hilber, C., Montebruno, P., and Sanchis-Guarner, R., (2017). "Using Micro-Geography Data to Identify Town-Centre Space in Great Britain". Upcoming in CESifo Economic Studies.
  • Bird, J., Montebruno, P., and Regan, T. (2017). "Life in a slum: understanding living conditions in Nairobi's slums across time and space". Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 33 (3), 496-520. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/grx036/
  • Montebruno, P., (2016). "Surrogacy in the United States: Exploring the Effects of Legislation and Documenting the Consequences for Marriage, Births, Out-of-wedlock Births and Divorce". LSE Theses Online. http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/3451/
  • Montebruno, P., (2016). "Effect of diminishing School Attendance on Test Scores: Evidence from the Chilean School Occupations". LSE Theses Online. http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/3451/
  • Montebruno, P., (2016). "School Competition and Pupil Attainment in the Chilean Voucher System". LSE Theses Online. http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/3451/
  • Montebruno, P., (2010). "Political Accountability: the SIMCE's Effect in Municipal Elections in Chile". PUC Theses Online. http://economia.uc.cl/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/tesis_pmontebruno.pdf

Teaching

  • Teaching Assistant to Sunil K. Gulati in "The Global Economy" (W2257), Columbia University in the City of New York.
  • Teaching Assistant to Graciela Chichilnisky in "Globalization and its Risks" (W4750), Columbia University in the City of New York.
  • Teaching Assistant to Juan-Pablo Montero in "Environmental Economics" (Postgraduate level), Pontifical Catholic University of Chile.
  • Teaching Assistant to Juan-Pablo Montero in "Industrial Organization" (Undergraduate level), Pontifical Catholic University of Chile.

External activities

  • Montebruno, P., (2013), "Canciones para una banda de rock", Pequeño Dios Editores, Santiago, 71. ISBN: 978-956-8558-25-3.
  • Montebruno, P., Errázuriz, P., and Hoppe, A., (2011). "Wachit@ (Poesía de Prueba)", Poesía de Prueba, Santiago, 90. ISBN: 978-956-345-332-4.
  • Montebruno, P., (2001) "Dionysus/Ger", SECH, Santiago, 41. ISBN: 978-956-288-920-9.
  • Montebruno, P., Uribe Arce, A., and Roa Vial, A., (2000). "El Eliot de otro(s) poeta(s)", Be-uve-dráis, Santiago, 68. ISBN: 978-956-7878-11-6.