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PhD (Completed)

Anika's PhD was focused on the adaptation process of urban poor to climate related risks in the Developing world. The research was interdisciplinary in nature, and cut across intersectoral issues and policy concerns in the fields of Development, Poverty, Governance, Vulnerability and Adaptation.



  • 2018- till date: Post Doctoral Research Associate, Department of Architecture, University of Cambridge, U.K.
  • 2018-till date: External Research Associate, School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norwich, U.K.
  • 2018-till date: Associate Tutor, School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norwich, U.K.
  • 2014-2015: Visiting Researcher, International Center for Climate Change and Development, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • 2008 - 2013: Lecturer, Department of Architecture, American International University- Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • 2012-2013: National Lead, DFID and ARCAB (Action Research on Community Adaptation in Bangladesh) project on 'Community Based Adaptation in the climate vulnerable urban areas of Bangladesh'.
  • 2011-2012: Consultant, Research on 'Knowledge assessments on climate change and peri-urban /urban agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia' in Partnership with UNEP, START, WMO, IPCC, University of Ghana, University of Dar es Salaam and the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies.


  • PhD in Geography, Department of geography, University of Cambridge, U.K. 2013-2018.
  • M.Sc in Urban Management and Development (with Distinction), Specialization: Urban Environmental and Infrastructure Management, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2010.
  • B.Arch, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), 2008.


  • Young Scientist Award in the field of Sustainable Development for the year 2011 by The International Network of System and Sustainability.
  • Doctoral Research award by Association for British Turkish Academics for excellence in doctoral research in UK, 2016.
  • Academic Achievement award from Lucy Cavendish College, University of Cambridge, 2014.
  • 'Faculty for the Future' Scholarship, Schlumberger Foundation, 2013- 2017.
  • Philip Lake Fund, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, 2014.
  • Netherlands Funding Program (NFP), Dutch Government for Masters in Urban Management and Development, 2009-2010.
  • Research Grant from The Balaton Group for conducting independent research on Sustainable Development.
  • International Center for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) and International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) funding for professional training on Urban Adaptation to Climate Change, 2011.
  • Merit Scholarship for excellence in undergrad academic performance from Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), 2003-2007.


Research interests

Her research interests include International Development, Climate Change Adaptation,Gender Vulnerability, Community-based Adaptation, Disaster Risk reduction, Urban Management and Development, Sustainable development, Policy analysis, Systems Dynamics.

She is a member of the Environmental Systems and Processes research group, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge.

Research overview

Changes in the climate system are evident and are projected to continue over the next century. This will worsen the existing environmental problems of numerous countries, particularly the Least Developed Countries as they lack the capacity to protect their cities, and, the impacts of climatic variability are expected to impose a disproportionately high risk on poorer groups. Urban adaptation to climate change has been relatively under-examined, with clear gaps in research into urban vulnerability. Mainstream, top-down adaptation approaches are being questioned, as they have failed to reduce vulnerability, especially of the most vulnerable members of society. The importance of addressing micro- level adaptive capacity of low-income urban settlers has become apparent, as they face the greatest challenges to adapt and are also the most exposed.

The overall research objective is to understand adaptation processes of low-income urban populations to one climate-related risk (i.e. flooding), as well as to enhance and develop new knowledge about ways in which the adaptation to climate change amongst these populations can be better tackled at different levels - by households and communities - and also to identify how the relevant agencies and organizations can effectively contribute to the adaptation process. Hence the research spans the range from bottom-up to top-down, and attempts to understand bottom-up behaviors in order to improve the way in which top-down interventions can be made more effective.


Selected publications

Peer-reviewed journals

  • Haque, A. N., 2016, Application of Multi-Criteria Analysis on Climate Adaptation Assessment in the Context of Least Developed Countries, Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Wiley Online Library.
  • Haque A. N., Dodman, D. and Hossain, M. M., 2014, Individual, communal and institutional responses to climate change by low-income households in Khulna, Bangladesh, Environment and Urbanization, Volume 26 Issue 1, pp 1-18.
  • Haque A. N., Grafakos, S., Huijsman, M., 2012, Participatory integrated assessment of flood protection measures for climate adaptation in Dhaka, Environment and Urbanization, Volume 24 Issue 1, pp 197-213.

Working papers

  • Haque, A. N. and Grafakos, S., 2010, Assessment of adaptation measures against flooding in the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh, IHS Working Papers, Number 25/2010, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Conference papers

  • Haque, A. N., 2017, Adaptation to flooding in low-income urban settlements of the Least Developed Countries, Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Environmental Sustainability, Development, and Protection, International Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology Barcelona, Spain.
  • Haque, A.N., Richards, K. S. and Bithell, M., 2017, The Adaptation process of the Urban poor to flooding in the developing world: A case of Dhaka, Bangladesh, Ninth International Conference on Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK.
  • Gianoli, A., Grafakos, S., Olivotto, V. and Haque, A. N., eds., 2012, Climate change adaptation projects: integrating prioritization and evaluation, Proceedings of Rethinking Cities: Framing the Future: Sixth [World Bank] Urban Research and Knowledge Symposium, Barcelona, 2012, Washington, DC, USA: World Bank.
  • Haque, A. N. and Hossain M. M., 2011, Informal sector water utility management: Potential Urban slum upgradation policies in Bangladesh, Proceedings of conference on Engineering Research, pp 142-146.
  • Haque A. N., Grafakos, S., Huijsman, M, 2010, Assessing flooding measures in Dhaka, Bangladesh by incorporating stakeholders' consultation, Conference proceedings on Deltas in Times of Climate Change, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2010.

External activities

  • Registered reviewer, for peer reviewed journals: Water Policy; The Geographical; Climate and Development.
  • Advisor, Climate Change and Urbanization research cluster, International Center for Climate Change and Development, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Advisor, 'Improving Multi-stakeholder Collaboration for Water and Sanitation Sector to Contribute to Positive Impact on Urban Climate Resilience in Bangladesh', Habitat for Humanity Bangladesh, 2014- 2016.
  • Member, Cambridge Philosophical Society.
  • Member, Geographical Information Science (GISc) forum, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, Cambridge Centre for Climate science, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, Agents and Environment Modelling Group, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, River Basin Governance reading group, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, The Balaton group. The International Network of System and Sustainability
  • Candidate member, Institute of Architects, Bangladesh.
  • Ambassador of Worldschool, The Netherlands.