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Anika is a human geographer broadly interested in Urban informality and inequality. Much of her research over the last decade has empirically focused on cities around Global South (from Asia to Africa to Latin America). Her research has three broad strands:

  1. Climate change adaptation: Her ongoing research (2009-till date) on adaptation to climatic risks primarily focuses on understanding the political ecology (including urban governance from macro to micro level, and, social and political processes) shaping urban adaptation process in urban informal settlements.
  2. Gender vulnerability: Her research on urban poor in Global South attempts to explore how/if risks (in various forms, e.g. climatic risks, risks deriving from lack of access to infrastructure and services, exclusion from development/governance processes) in urban informal settlements are gendered: how socio cultural norms shape gendered vulnerability/inequality in such settlements
  3. Urban infrastructure and citizenship: She is currently studying the nexus between urban infrastructure, urban informality and citizenship (primarily focusing on energy infrastructure to explore this relationship). She is currently working with Dr Charlotte Lemanski on a British Academy funded project exploring the urban participatory governance processes (for energy governance) in low-income urban settlements of South Africa with a particular focus on energy access and innovation.

All her research are inter-disciplinary spanning the physical and social sciences.


  • 2019-till date: Research Associate, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge
  • 2019-2022: Fellow, Homerton College, University of Cambridge
  • 2019: Research Fellow, ESALA, University of Edinburgh.
  • 2018- 2019: Research Associate, Department of Architecture, University of Cambridge.
  • 2018-till date: External Research Associate, School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norwich, U.K.
  • 2019: Internal Reviewer, IPCC Sixth Assessment Report for Climate Change.
  • 2014-2015: Visiting Fellow, International Center for Climate Change and Development, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • 2014-2015: Contributor, 2nd Global Assessment Report of Climate Change and Cities, Urban Climate Change Research Network (UCCRN).
  • 2008 - 2013: Lecturer, Department of Architecture, American International University- Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • 2012-2013: National Lead, DFID and ARCAB (Action Research on Community Adaptation in Bangladesh) project on 'Community Based Adaptation in the climate vulnerable urban areas of Bangladesh'.
  • 2011-2012: Consultant, Research on 'Knowledge assessments on climate change and peri-urban /urban agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia' in Partnership with UNEP, START, WMO, IPCC, University of Ghana, University of Dar es Salaam and the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies.


  • PhD in Geography, Department of geography, University of Cambridge, U.K. 2013-2018.
  • M.Sc in Urban Management and Development (with Distinction), Specialization: Urban Environmental and Infrastructure Management, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2010.
  • B.Arch, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), 2008.


  • Young Scientist Award in the field of Sustainable Development for the year 2011 by The International Network of System and Sustainability.
  • Doctoral Research award by Association for British Turkish Academics for excellence in doctoral research in UK, 2016.
  • Academic Achievement award from Lucy Cavendish College, University of Cambridge, 2014.
  • 'Faculty for the Future' Scholarship, Schlumberger Foundation, 2013- 2017.
  • Netherlands Funding Program (NFP), Dutch Government for Masters in Urban Management and Development, 2009-2010.
  • Research Grant from The International Network of System and Sustainability for conducting independent research on Sustainable Development.


Research interests

Her research interests include Climate Change Vulnerability; Climate Change Adaptation; Gender Vulnerability; Urban Resilience; Urban infrastructure; Urban Informality; Participatory Governance; Energy transitions; International Development; Sustainable Development; Disaster Risk Reduction; Global South; Systems Dynamics.

Research overview

Anika is currently working on a British Academy funded project which explores ways in which low-income urban communities can engage with other stakeholders in the energy domain (e.g. government, non-governmental organizations, private energy entrepreneurs) not only to improve domestic energy efficiency but also to address issues related to energy provision and access.

The research has two overarching aims: firstly, to implement an inter-disciplinary approach that delivers learning across the physical and social sciences; and secondly, to propose strategies that enable communities to efficiently engage with divergent stakeholders in the energy domain, in order to work collaboratively for better energy access. The project attempts to bridge the macro level efforts (South Africa's key development objectives) for achieving universal access to energy and low-income households' energy needs and aspirations.


Selected publications

Peer-reviewed journals

  • Bardhan, R., Sunikka-Blank, M and Haque, A. N., 2019. Sentiment analysis as tool for gender mainstreaming in slum rehabilitation housing management in Mumbai, India, Habitat International,
  • Sunikka-Blank, M., Bardhan, R. and Haque, A. N., 2018. Gender, domestic energy and design of inclusive low-income habitats: A case of slum rehabilitation housing in India, Energy Research & Social Science, 49, pp. 53-67.
  • Haque, A. N., 2016, Application of Multi-Criteria Analysis on Climate Adaptation Assessment in the Context of Least Developed Countries, Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Wiley Online Library.
  • Haque A. N., Dodman, D. and Hossain, M. M., 2014, Individual, communal and institutional responses to climate change by low-income households in Khulna, Bangladesh, Environment and Urbanization, Volume 26 Issue 1, pp 1-18.
  • Haque A. N., Grafakos, S., Huijsman, M., 2012, Participatory integrated assessment of flood protection measures for climate adaptation in Dhaka, Environment and Urbanization, Volume 24 Issue 1, pp 197-213.

Working paper

  • Haque, A. N. and Grafakos, S., 2010, Assessment of adaptation measures against flooding in the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh, IHS Working Papers, Number 25/2010, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


  • 2018 - present: Associate Tutor (Introduction to Human Geography), School of International Development, University of East Anglia, U.K.
  • 2018-19: Teaching Associate (Research Methods), University of Cambridge.

External activities

  • Member, Global Energy Nexus in Urban Settlements (Interdisciplinary research group), University of Cambridge.
  • Fellow, Cambridge Philosophical Society.
  • Member, Environmental systems and processes Research cluster, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, Cambridge Centre for Climate science, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, Geographical Information Science (GISc) forum, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, Agents and Environment Modelling Group, University of Cambridge.
  • Member, Geographies of Knowledge reading group, University of Cambridge.
  • Life Member, The International Network of System and Sustainability.
  • Founder alumni and alumni ambassador (in Bangladesh) for Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies Alumni Association, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Ambassador of Worldschool, The Netherlands.