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# New article on the Minneapolis Sound published in Antipode

MPhil student Zuhri James has just published a path-breaking article on the Minneapolis Sound in the journal Antipode. James brings together insights from musicology, cultural theory, and critical Black geographies to provide a unique perspective on post-war Minneapolis.

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# 2023 was the hottest summer in two thousand years

trekandshoot via Getty Images

Researchers have found that 2023 was the hottest summer in the Northern Hemisphere in the past two thousand years, almost four degrees warmer than the coldest summer during the same period.

"When you look at the long sweep of history, you can see just how dramatic recent global warming is," said co-author Professor Ulf Büntgen, from the Department. "2023 was an exceptionally hot year, and this trend will continue unless we reduce greenhouse gas emissions dramatically."

The results, reported in the journal Nature, also demonstrate that in the Northern Hemisphere, the 2015 Paris Agreement to limit warming to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels has already been breached.

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# Meltwater lakes cause ice shelves to fracture

Professor Ian Willis and Dr Rebecca Dell, from the Scott Polar Research Institute, have measured flexure and fracture of an Antarctic ice shelf in response to surface meltwater ponding.

The study, published in the Journal of Glaciology, is the first to measure such bending and breaking, with in-situ instruments.

The work was done with colleagues from the Universities of Colorado Boulder, Chicago, and Oxford,

Surface-water-induced flexure and fracture of ice shelves may be more widespread than previously thought. And as melting increases in the future, ice shelves may be more prone to break up and collapse than they are currently.

This has implications for global sea level; once the buttressing of inland ice is reduced or removed, glaciers and ice streams can flow more rapidly to the ocean.

The work was funded by the US-National Science Foundation and the UK-Natural Environment Research Council and involved three Antarctic field seasons.

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# Geopolitics role-plays in schools

Since 2017, Dr Liam Saddington has been working with Professor Fiona McConnell (University of Oxford) to develop educational materials focusing on geopolitics and communities excluded from the international system. They have developed a series of material for use in primary and secondary schools as well as with youth groups from marginalised communities. Alongside this, they have been conducting research focusing on young peoples' geopolitics and how UK sixth formers make sense of the contemporary world.

Their research, Simulating alternative internationals: Geopolitics role-playing in UK schools, has been published in Geoforum, focusing on their 'Model Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization' exercise. This draws on work in thirteen UK secondary schools and offers insights into the intersection of geographies of education and political geography.

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# Cambridge Geographers at EGU 2024

The coming week (14-19th April) sees the annual gathering of geoscientists from around the world, at the European Geophysical Union General Assembly, in Vienna.

Members of the Department will be contributing, giving 16 presentations (either as posters or orals), convening one session during the week and appearing as co-authors on even more presentations.

These contributions will showcase the cutting edge physical geography research that takes place across the Department, spanning the fields of cryospheric science, atmospheric modelling, geochronology, palaeoclimate and geohazards.

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# Launch of Economies Past website

The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure has launched a new interactive website which allows user to map occupational structure from 1600-1911 and 2011.

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# New York Times essay by Stephen Lezak

Stephen Lezak has published a guest essay in the New York Times today responding to the recent rejection of the proposed Anthropocene epoch by the International Commission on Stratigraphy. His article also quotes SPRI and Geography Emeritus Professor Phil Gibbard.

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# RGS podcast with Prof Alice Reid

The Royal Geographical Society has published a podcast featuring Professor Alice Reid, who talks about how fertility, mortality and health affected changes in the UK's population in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The RGS have also produced associated teaching materials for Key Stage 4.

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# AI for climate and nature


Drs Harry Owen and Emily Lines are part of a newly-funded AI@CAM project which aims to find new AI-driven approaches to tackle society's biggest challenges.

The new project, AI for climate and nature, will tackle the twin climate and biodiversity crises by developing AI approaches for bringing together a wide range of datasets and accelerating the collation of information.

This work will provide up to date, relevant and robust information for researchers and decision-makers working on climate and biodiversity conservation – opening up the possibility for more targeted and effective solutions to some of our world's most pressing climate and biodiversity challenges. This project is a collaboration between Cambridge Zero, Cambridge Conservation Initiative, Conservation Evidence, Institute for Computing for Climate Science, Conservation Research Institute, Centre for Landscape Regeneration, Cambridge Centre for Carbon Credits and Cambridge Centre for Earth Observation.

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# Staying put in an era of climate change: The geographies, legalities, and public health implications of immobility

Liam Saddington

An interdisciplinary review piece by Dr Liam Saddington and colleagues from public health, psychology, and law explores the implications of immobility in the face of climate change.

Although there has been widespread discussion of climate migration, this paper explores how climate related hazards affect immobile populations. Led by Dr Daniel Robins, the paper explores how we conceptualise "environmental immobility" arguing that an interdisciplinary approach is needed when considering both "voluntary" and "involuntary" immobility.

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