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Department of Geography


Trading Across Scales: Current Perspectives on Managing Wildlife Use

A joint workshop between UNEP-WCMC and the Department of Geography, University of Cambridge

Monday 15th June 2009, 10am – 5pm, UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.

Butterfly Crocodile Working

The extractive use of wild species provides a provisioning ecosystem service, directly through consumption and indirectly through trade. According to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the increasing demand for provisioning services has led to declines in productivity and a loss of other ecosystem services.

Globalisation has enabled access to higher value markets for wildlife products thereby increasing the provisioning potential of these resources. When sustainably managed, the wildlife trade can both support development and conservation objectives and make a strong contribution to local livelihoods. However, in some cases the trade can pose a direct threat to the status of species in the wild.

There are a range of tools that can be used to understand the dynamics and drivers of wildlife trade and to formulate appropriate policy responses. Case studies can provide an important source of data for analyses at a variety of scales. There is a need to ensure that this information supports and informs different policy and management approaches, locally, nationally and internationally.

Through a series of case studies and thematic discussions, this workshop aims to identify the pros and cons of regulatory based and market based management approaches, and the institutional and market conditions under which either are likely to be effective. In addition, it will examine the relationship between case-study research and global/regional policy development and implementation and ways in which the two might inform each other.

Attendees should register by emailing Sharon Brooks and Rob Small at .

Lunch and refreshments will be provided free of charge.


Introductory Talk (10.00 – 10.30)

Jon Hutton (Director, UNEP-WCMC)

Morning Session:

Governance and Consumption of Wildlife: Case studies from Tanzania, New Guinea, Cambodia and Vietnam

Governance and Transaction Costs (10.30 – 11.15)

Environmental Governance in South-South Trade Networks: case study of the seashell trade between Tanzania and India
Katie Tanner (ESRC Post-Doc, Department of Sociology, CU)

Regulation in a Disconnected State: Butterfly Trading in Papua New Guinea
Rob Small (Final Year PhD Student, Department of Geography, CU)

Coffee (11.15 – 11.45)

Consumer Behaviour and Demand (11.45 – 12.30)

Consumer Behaviour in Cambodian Snake Markets
Sharon Brooks (ESRC Post-Doc, Department of Geography, CU)

Understanding Consumption: Wild Meat Use in Vietnam
Rebecca Drury (PhD Department of Anthropology, UCL/ FFI)

Session Roundup (12.30 – 12.45)

Tim Bayliss-Smith (Reader in Pacific Geography, Department of Geography)

Lunch (12.45-13.45)

Afternoon Session:

Markets and Regulatory Approaches (13.45 – 15.15)

Wildlife Trade Drivers and Interventions in Southeast Asia: linking knowledge, policy and practice
Teresa Mulliken (TRAFFIC)

Certification Schemes and Government Regulation: a case study from marine ornimental species
Sarah Ferriss (Senior Programme Officer, Species Programme, UNEP-WCMC)

Wildlife Markets and the Credit Crunch
James MacGregor (Senior Researcher, Environmental Economics, IIED)

Scaling Case Study Information to Answer Large Scale Questions
Roz Almond (Programme Officer, Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP-WCMC)

Coffee (15.15 – 15.45)

Thematic Discussion (15.15 – 17.00)

Chaired by Bill Adams (tbc)


  • What are our current knowledge gaps in the research being conducted on wildlife trade?
  • What are the barriers to the uptake of information generated through case study research into policy?
  • How can we reconcile different scales of approach regarding the wildlife trade i.e. ecosystem and species based?
  • How effective could the private sector be in regulating the wildlife trade?

17.00 – 18.00 – Drinks