Societies, Markets, States
Members of the Societies, Markets, States group are broadly interested in how the traditional foci political and economic geography - the relationships between economies and markets, institutions of the state and practices of government - are challenged by the scale and complexity of contemporary processes that are highly uneven and profoundly geographical. These processes include re-working citizenship; global urbanization; the changing geopolitics of development and aid; the allocation of risk and the social construction of resilience, precarity, and vulnerability; legal geographies of state building and governance; and the (re)making of markets. A common concern is with understanding how contested political economies relate to forms of justice and injustice.
Our approaches incorporate diverse methodologies and theoretical orientations. Regional specialisations include the United Kingdom and Ireland, Europe (Romania and Bosnia and Herzegovina), Latin America, India, Africa, the Caribbean, and the Arctic. Research projects seek understand the relationships between local transformations and multi-scalar processes, and to unsettle categories and sub-disciplinary boundaries between, for example, political, economic and development geographies.
The Societies, Markets, States thematic group consists of the following members:
|Professor Ash Amin||Is interested in the implications of an emerging catastrophist biopolitics replacing a welfarist biopolitics that imagined the future as governable and hopeful. His work also explores the implications for risk management, community and belonging, urban resilience and wellbeing, and Left counter politics.|
|Professor Robert Bennett||Research spans analytical economic geography and business management and public policy, with a focus on the agents of local economic development, and their evolution, including chambers of commerce and other business associations.|
|Dr Michael Bravo||Research focuses on the Arctic at a time when it can no longer simply be treated by wealthy northern nations as a romanticized backyard. He is concerned to understand to what extent arguments about the exceptional character of the Arctic (non-state actors, indigenous political representation, fragile environment) can still be maintained.|
|Dr Mia Gray||Research explores the social underpinnings of labour markets and the social component of work, as well as the changing political-economy of work and employment and of labour politics more broadly. Recent research includes an analysis of work in the global firm, labour representation in the service sector, and the social mechanisms through which privilege and power are reproduced at work.|
|Dr Alex Jeffrey
|Research has explored how political territorialities are communicated, materialised and challenged after conflict. His work has particularly focused on the role of civil society organisations, both as an arena of associative life but also as an imagined site of civic virtues. This has recently involved ethnographic studies of practices of transitional justice and war crime trials.|
|Professor Ron Martin||Has, through his research, constructed a new evolutionary perspective in economic geography. He is also interested in resilience and its application to the economic landscape, and researches the geographical political economy of the British economy.|
|Dr Emma Mawdsley||Works on the impacts of the (so-called) 'rising powers' on global development norms, institutions and practices. This research has emerged from a longer interest in global development politics and a specific interest in the politics and practices of India's development cooperation.|
|Professor Sarah Radcliffe||Engages with critical development geography and postcolonial theory to explore the political economic insecurities arising in postcolonial state and development reforms particularly in Andean countries. Research also provides a critique of development policy, specifically Gender and Development, and social neoliberalism.|
|Professor Susan Smith||Research focuses on the ways in which politics are implicated in the creation and conduct of markets, as in the shaping of democracies. She works on three kinds of market - housing, mortgage and financial markets - and is interested in considering how ostensibly market-led processes might be infused with an ethic of care.|
|Dr Bhaskar Vira||Has a particular focus on political economy and institutional change in contemporary India. He studies justices and injustices that result from economic change, including India's new service economy, and changes in land use and land ownership.|
|Dr Liz Watson||Research in northern Kenya has examined links between identity, landscape, peace and violence. Other recent work is interested in the ways in which ongoing large-scale environment and development projects relate to national governance projects, such as ethnic federalism (in Ethiopia) and a new modernization (in Kenya).|