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Department of Geography

 

Research seminars

Research seminars

Jump to: Main Departmental seminars | Cultural and Historical Geography | Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure | Conservation | Environmental Systems and Processes | Political ecology | Polar physical science | Circumpolar History and Public Policy (CHiPP) | Gender | Quaternary Discussion Group (QDG) | Reading groups

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Main Departmental seminar series

Main Departmental seminar series at the Department of Geography.

There are no forthcoming seminars at present. Please check back here later.

You may wish to view the archive of previous seminars.

Seminars in Cultural and Historical Geography

All seminars begin at 1pm and take place in the Hardy Building, Room 101 (unless otherwise stated), Department of Geography. All welcome!

There are no forthcoming seminars at present. Please check back here later.

You may wish to view the archive of previous seminars.

The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure - seminar series

Research seminar series run by the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure.
The support of the Trevelyan Fund (Faculty of History) is gratefully acknowledged.

Sandwiches and fruit will be available from 12.45pm.

Convenors: Leigh Shaw-Taylor (lmws2@cam.ac.uk), Romola Davenport (rjd23@cam.ac.uk) and Alice Reid (alice.reid@geog.cam.ac.uk).

View the archive of previous seminars.

# Monday 9th May 2016, 1.00pm - Joseph Molitoris (University of Copenhagen)
Feeling the Squeeze: The Effect of Birth Spacing on Infant and Child Mortality during the Demographic Transition
Venue: Seminar Room 5, Faculty of History

A negative association between birth spacing and infant and child mortality has been consistently identified within modern populations in developing countries. Generally speaking, children born following shorter birth intervals have been found to have higher mortality (Hobcraft, McDonald, & Rutstein, 1985; Kozuki et al., 2013; Rutstein, 2005). The reasons for this association are unclear, however. Leading hypotheses attempt to explain these differences as a result of maternal depletion, sibling competition, sibling contagion, or unobserved maternal factors that simultaneously influence fertility and infant mortality (e.g. inadequate breastfeeding practices), but none has attained overwhelming support. This study contributes to this body of research in a few important ways. First, it examines this association in a historical context, which has largely been ignored (see Pebley, Hermalin, & Knodel, 1991 for a notable exception). The data come from the Roteman Database, a longitudinal register kept for Stockholm, Sweden between 1878 and 1926. Second, and more importantly, it attempts to isolate some of the hypothesized causal mechanisms by studying variation within families using models that control for maternal fixed-effects thereby eliminating the potential for compositional differences among mothers to drive this relationship. Results suggest that the relationship between preceding interval length and mortality holds even when accounting for unobservable maternal factors. Shorter intervals had the largest impact on post-neonatal and early childhood (age 1-4) mortality, yet had rather small influence on neonatal mortality. No relationship between preceding interval length and older child (age 5-9) mortality could be identified. The importance of the sibling competition and sibling contagion hypotheses were then assessed by exploiting variation in the timing of deaths among previously born children. The results point to greater importance of sibling competition in the prenatal period, but a greater role for sibling contagion in the postnatal period.

# Monday 16th May 2016, 1.00pm - Pavla Jirkova (CERGE-EI, Prague)
Consignatio Hoc Calamitoso Tempore Pestis: Mortality Specifics of the Plague Year 1680 in Bohemia
Venue: Seminar Room 5, Faculty of History

Abstract not available

# Monday 23rd May 2016, 1.00pm - Frederik Pedersen (University of Aberdeen)
White Lies and Alibis: Litigants, Lawyers and Law in Fourteenth-Century York Marriage Disputes
Venue: Seminar Room 5, Faculty of History

Abstract not available

Cambridge Conservation Seminars

The series is intended to provide a research and social focus for university lecturers, research staff and postgraduate students interested in conservation research. The primary aim is to inform university colleagues of what research is going on in different departments and to bring in high quality outside speakers. Equally, members of conservation organisations are welcome to attend. A key element is the opportunity after each talk to socialise with colleagues from different departments and organisations.

Generously funded by the CCI Strategic Initiative Fund
http://www.conservation.cam.ac.uk/

There are no forthcoming seminars at present. Please check back here later.

You may wish to view the archive of previous seminars.

Environmental Systems and Processes - Department of Geography

Seminars within the Environmental Systems and Processes research group of the Department of Geography.

There are no forthcoming seminars at present. Please check back here later.

You may wish to view the archive of previous seminars.

Polar Physical Sciences

Quaternary Discussion Group (QDG)