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Tom Spencer MA PhD

Tom Spencer MA PhD

Professor of Coastal Dynamics, Director of Cambridge Coastal Research Unit and Fellow, Magdalene College

Physical geography at the interface between geomorphology and the geological and biological sciences, with particular reference to coral reefs and associated ecosystems (seagrass, mangroves) and coastal geomorphology.

Biography

Career:

  • 1979-1988: University Lecturer in Geography, University of Manchester
  • 1989-1999: University Lecturer, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge
  • 2000-2011: Senior Lecturer, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge
  • 2011-present: Reader in Coastal Ecology and Geomorphology, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge

Also:

  • 1997-present: Director, Cambridge Coastal Research Unit, University of Cambridge
  • 1989-present: Fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge
  • 1990-1993: Dean of College, Magdalene College, Cambridge
  • 1994-1999: Tutor for Graduate Students, Magdalene College, Cambridge
  • 1994-2013: Tutor for Graduate Admissions, Magdalene College, Cambridge

Qualifications

  • MA Magdalene College, University of Cambridge
  • PhD Magdalene College, University of Cambridge 'Limestone erosion rates and microtopography; Grand Cayman Island, West Indies'

Research

Earth and Environmental Systems: Processes and Change - Monitoring and Modelling Environmental Processes

Hydrodynamics, sedimentation, ecological processes in temperate tidal wetlands and mangrove swamps; estuarine hydro- and morpho-dynamics; coastal zone management with particular reference to global environmental change.

Earth and Environmental Systems: Processes and Change - Environmental Change

Global environmental change in the ocean basins, including large-scale coral bleaching dynamics in the western Indian Ocean and sea-level changes on Pacific Ocean islands. Vulnerability of coastal wetlands to sea level rise, at global and regional scales.

Spatial Processes and Earth Observation - Earth Observation

Visualising the annual to decadal evolution of large-scale coastal morphology and sediment dynamics. Multi-spectral scanner technology to assess the stability of major European estuaries. The use of digital videography for coral reef monitoring. Terrestrial laser-scanning at the coast.

Publications

Academic journal publications – peer reviewed

  • Spencer T and Brooks SM 2012 Methodologies for measuring and modelling coastal habitat change: saline lagoons of the Suffolk coast, eastern England. Hydrobiologia doi:10.1007/s10750-012-1089-x
  • Brooks SM, Spencer T and Boreham S 2012 Mechanisms for cliff retreat in rapidly receding soft-rock cliffs: marine and terrestrial influences, Suffolk coast, U.K. Geomorphology 153-154, 48-60 doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.02.007
  • Friess DA, Spencer T, Smith GM, Möller I, Brooks SM and Thomson AG 2012 Remote sensing of geomorphological and ecological change in response to saltmarsh managed realignment, The Wash, UK. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 18, 57-68 doi:10.1016/j.jag.2012.01.1016
  • Brooks SM and Spencer T 2012 Shoreline retreat and sediment release in response to accelerating sea level rise: measuring and modelling cliffline dynamics on the Suffolk Coast, UK. Global and Planetary Change 80-81, 165-179 doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.10.008
  • Spencer T, Friess DA, Moller I, Brown SL, Garbutt A and French JR 2011 Surface elevation change in natural and re-created intertidal habitats, eastern England, UK, with particular reference to Freiston Shore. Wetlands Ecology and Management 20, 9-33 doi:10.1007/s11273-011-9238-y
  • Viles HA, Spencer T 2011 Terrestrial and coastal landscape evolution on tropical islands. Scripta Geologica 142, 7-8.
  • Möller I, Mantilla-Contreras J, Spencer T and Hayes A 2011 Micro-tidal coastal reed beds: Hydro-morphological insights and observations on wave transformation from the southern Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 92, 424-436 doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2011.01.016
  • Hamylton SM and Spencer T 2011 Geomorphological modelling of tropical marine landscapes: optical remote sensing, patches and spatial statistics. Continental Shelf Research 31,151-161 doi:10.1016/j.csr.2010.02.003
  • Brooks SM and Spencer T 2010 Temporal and spatial variations in recession rates and sediment release from soft rock cliffs, Suffolk coast, UK. Geomorphology 124, 26-41 doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.08.005
  • Hanson S, Nicholls RJ, Balson P, Brown I, French JR, Spencer T and Sutherland WJ 2010 Capturing coastal geomorphological change within regional integrated assessment: An outcome-driven fuzzy logic approach. Journal of Coastal Research 26, 831-842.
  • Hagan AB, Spencer T, Ashworth J, Bijoux J, Quatre R, Callow M and Stobart B 2010 Morphology and marine ecology of Boudeuse, Amirantes, Seychelles. Atoll Research Bulletin 575, ii + 13pp.
  • Hagan AB, Spencer T, Ashworth J, Bijoux J, Quatre R, Callow M, Stobart B and Matyot P 2010 Terrestrial and marine ecology of Desnoeufs, Amirantes, Seychelles. Atoll Research Bulletin 576, ii + 22pp.
  • Hagan AB, Spencer T, Ashworth J, Bijoux J, Quatre R, Callow M and Stobart B 2010 Terrestrial and marine ecology of Etoile, Amirantes, Seychelles. Atoll Research Bulletin 577, ii + 14pp.
  • Hagan AB, Spencer T, Ashworth J, Bijoux J, Quatre R, Callow M, Stobart B and Matyot P 2010 Terrestrial and marine ecology of Marie-Louise, Amirantes, Seychelles. Atoll Research Bulletin 578, ii + 30pp.
  • Hagan AB, Spencer T, Ashworth J, Bijoux J, Quatre R, Callow M and Stobart B 2010 Terrestrial and marine ecology of Poivre, Amirantes, Seychelles. Atoll Research Bulletin 579, ii + 33pp.
  • Hamylton SM, Hagan AB, and Spencer T 2010 Development of a regional habitat classification scheme for the Amirantes Islands, Seychelles. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 9: 293-302.
  • Fragoso, G and Spencer T 2008 Physiographic control on the development of Spartina marshes. Science 322, 1064.
  • Perry CT, Spencer T and Kench PS 2008 Carbonate budgets and reef production states: a geomorphic perspective on the ecological phase-shift concept. Coral Reefs 27, 853-866.
  • Lacambra C, Möller I and Spencer T 2008 The need for an ecosystem-inclusive vulnerability index for coastal areas in Colombia. In: Bohle H-G and Warner K (Eds.), Megacities: Resilience and Social Vulnerability. SOURCE (Publication Series of the United Nations University – Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)), 10, 82-108.
  • Vafeidis AT, Nicholls RJ, McFadden L, Tol RSJ, Hinkel J, Spencer T, Grashoff PS, Boot G and Klein RJT 2008 A new global coastal database for impact and vulnerability analysis to sea-level rise. Journal of Coastal Research 24, 917-924.
  • Spencer T 2007 Coral reefs and the tsunami of 26 December 2004: Generating processes and ocean-wide patterns of impact. Atoll Research Bulletin 544, 1-36.
  • Hagan A, Spencer T, Stoddart DR, Loustau-Lalanne M and Renaud R 2007 Tsunami impacts in the Republic of Seychelles, Western Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 544, 149-164.
  • McFadden L, Spencer T and Nicholls RJ 2007 Broad-scale modelling of coastal wetlands: what is required? Hydrobiologia 577, 5-15.
  • Brown JD, Spencer T and Moeller I 2007 Modeling storm surge flooding of an urban area with particular reference to modelling uncertainties: A case study of Canvey Island, United Kingdom. Water Resources Research 43, W06402 doi:10.1029/2005WR004597.
  • Spencer T and Viles HA 2002 Bioconstruction, bioerosion and disturbance in coral reefs and rocky carbonate coasts. Geomorphology 48, 23-50.
  • Möller I and Spencer T 2002 Wave dissipation over macro-tidal saltmarshes: Effects of marsh edge typology and vegetation change. Journal of Coastal Research Special Issue 36, 506-521.
  • Kelman I, Thomalla F, Brown J, Möller I, Spence R and Spencer T 2002 Coastal flood-risk assessment in England. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London A 360, 1553-1554.
  • Fletcher CA, Spencer T, Campostrini P and DaMosto J 2002 Environmental problems of Venice and Venice lagoon: Creating an international forum for debate. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London A 360, 1542.
  • Möller I, Spencer T, French JR, Leggett DJ and Dixon M 2001 The sea-defence value of salt marshes - a review in the light of field evidence from North Norfolk. Water and Environment Journal 15, 109–116.
  • Smith GE, Spencer T and Möller I 2000 Visualization of Coastal Dynamics: Scolt Head Island, North Norfolk, England. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 50, 137-142.
  • Spencer T, Teleki K, C Bradshaw C and MD Spalding MD 2000 Coral bleaching in the southern Seychelles during the 1997 - 98 Indian Ocean warm event. Marine Pollution Bulletin 40, 569-586.
  • Viles, HA, Spencer T, Teleki K and Cox C 2000 16 years of microfloral recolonisation data from limestone surfaces, Aldabra Atoll, Indian Ocean: Implications for biological weathering. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 25, 1355-1370.

Book chapters – peer reviewed

  • Elsner P, Spencer T, Möller I and Smith G (2012) Multi-temporal remote sensing of coastal sediment dynamics. In: Ni-Bin Chang (Ed.), Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing to Monitor Global Changes. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 109-122
  • Hamylton S, Spencer T and Hagan AB 2012 Coral reefs and reef islands of the Amirantes Archipelago, Western Indian Ocean. In: Harris PT and Baker EK (Eds.), Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: GeoHAB Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 341-348.
  • Spencer T 2011 Temperature change – bleaching in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 1079-1084.
  • Spencer T 2011 Glacial control hypothesis in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 486-491.
  • Spencer T 2011 James D Dana in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 298.
  • Spencer T 2011 WM Davis in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 302.
  • Spencer T 2011 RA Daly in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 297.
  • Spencer T 2011 JA Steers in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 1043-1044.
  • Spencer T 2011 DR Stoddart in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 1044.
  • Spencer T 2011 Royal Society of London in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 938-940.
  • Spencer T 2011 Accommodation space in: Hopley D, Cabioch G, Davies P, Done TJ, Gischler E, Macintyre IG, Wood R and Woodroffe CD (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series). Springer, Berlin, 2-3.
  • Turner R, Möller I and Spencer T 2010 Field observations and numerical modelling of wave energy dissipation over a north-west European saltmarsh. In: Allsop W (Ed), Coasts, Marine Structures and Breakwaters, Adapting to Change. Thomas Telford, London, pp 1552.
  • Moller I, Lendzion J, Spencer T, Hayes A and Zerbe S 2009 The sea-defence function of micro-tidal temperate coastal wetlands. In: Brebbia C, Benassi G and Rodriguez GR (eds) Coastal processes. WIT Press, Ashurst, 51-62.
  • Slaymaker O, Spencer T and Dadson S 2009 Landscape and landscape-scale processes as the unfilled niche in the global environmental change debate: an introduction. In: Slaymaker O, Spencer T and Embleton-Hamann C (Eds.), Geomorphology and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1-34.
  • Kench P, Perry C and Spencer T 2009 Coral reefs. In: Slaymaker O, Spencer T and Embleton-Hamann C (Eds.), Geomorphology and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 180-213.
  • Spencer, T, Stoddart DR and McLean RF 2008 Coral Reefs. In: Burt TP, Chorley RJ, Brunsden D, Cox NJ and Goudie AS (Eds.), The History of the Study of Landforms Volume 4: Quaternary and Recent Processes and Forms (1890 – 1965) and the Mid-century Revolutions. The Geological Society, London, 863-922.
  • Cahoon DR, Hensel PF, Spencer T, Reed DJ, McKee KL and Saintilan N 2006 Coastal wetland vulnerability to relative sea level rise: Wetland elevation trends and process controls. In: Verhoeven TA, Beltan B, Bobbink R and Whigham DF (Eds.), Wetlands and Natural Resource Management (Ecological Studies 190). Springer, Berlin, 271-292.
  • Spencer T and Spalding M 2005 Coral reefs of SE Asia: Controls, patterns and human impacts. In: Gupta A (Ed.), Physical Geography of SE Asia. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 402-427.
  • Cahoon D, French JR, Spencer T, Reed DJ and Möller I 2000 Vertical accretion versus elevational adjustment in UK saltmarshes: An evaluation of alternative methodologies. In: Pye K and Allen JRL (Eds.), Coastal and estuarine environments: Sedimentology, geomorphology and geoarchaeology. Geological Society of London, London (Special Publication 175), 223-238.

Conference Proceedings – peer reviewed

  • Hagan AB and Spencer T 2008 Reef resilience and change 1998-2007, Alphonse Atoll, Seychelles. Proceedings, 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 1, 395-399.
  • Hamylton S and Spencer T 2008 An investigation of seagrass patterns at Alphonse Atoll, Seychelles: Linking structure to function in marine landscapes. Proceedings, 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 1, 628-632.
  • Gardiner S, Hanson S, Nicholls RJ, Zhang Z, Jude SR, Jones A, Richards JA, Williams A, Spencer T, Cope S, Gorczynska M, Bradbury AP, McInnes R and Dalton H 2007 The Habitats Directive, coastal habitats and climate change - case studies from the south coast of the U.K. In: McInnes, R (Ed.), Proceedings of the ICE International Conference on Coastal Management 2007, Thomas Telford, London, 193-202.
  • Hagan AB and Spencer T 2006 Reef recovery at Alphonse Atoll, western Indian Ocean, following the 1997-98 ocean warming event. Proceedings, 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa, Japan, 676-682.
  • Möller I and Spencer T 2003 Wave transformations over mudflat and saltmarsh surfaces on the UK east coast – Implications for marsh evolution. Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Sediments '03, Clearwater Beach, Florida, USA, May 18-23. ASCE / World Scientific Publishing Co. / East Meets West Productions, Singapore / Corpus Christi, 484-485.
  • Elsner PH, Smith GM, Möller I and Spencer T 2003 Multi-temporal airborne imaging spectroscopy - A novel approach for monitoring intertidal sediment dynamics. Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Sediments '03, Clearwater Beach, Florida, USA, May 18-23. ASCE / World Scientific Publishing Co. / East Meets West Productions, Singapore / Corpus Christi, 484-485.
  • Teleki K and Spencer T 2002 Coral bleaching: Geographical perspectives In: Best BA, Pomeroy RS and Balboa CM (Eds), Implications for coral reef management and policy: Relevant findings from the 9th International Coral Reef Symposium. US Agency for International Development, Washington DC, 106-108.
  • Möller I, Spencer T and Rawson J 2002 Spatial and temporal variability of wave attenuation over a UK east-coast saltmarsh. Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, Cardiff, July 2002. World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, Volume 1, 651-653.
  • Teleki K and Spencer T 2000 Large-scale ocean-atmosphere dynamics of the Indian Ocean and coral bleaching. Proceedings, 9th International Coral Reef Symposium, Bali, Indonesia, 2, 1149-1153.

Books – authored

  • Spencer T, Hagan AB, Hamylton SM and Renaud P 2009 The Atlas of the Amirantes. Cambridge Coastal Research Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, vi + 66 pp. ISBN: 978-1-901480-09-2.

Books – edited

  • Slaymaker O, Spencer T and Embleton-Hamann C (Eds.) 2009 Geomorphology and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, xvi + 434pp.
  • Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.) 2005 Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, xxv + 691pp.

Conference proceedings – edited

  • Spencer T, Laughton AS and Flemming NC (Eds.) 2005 Atmosphere-ocean-ecology dynamics in the Western Indian Ocean. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London A 363, 1 - 307.
  • McRobie A, Spencer T and Gerritsen H (Eds.) 2005 The Big Flood: North Sea storm surge. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London A 363, 1261 - 1491.

• Editorials and Introductions to Edited Collections

  • Spencer T, Laughton AS and Flemming NC 2005 Variability, interaction and change in the atmosphere-ocean-ecology system of the Western Indian Ocean. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London A 363, 3 - 14.
  • McRobie A, Spencer T and Gerritsen H (Eds.) 2005 The Big Flood: North Sea storm surge. Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London A 363, 1263-1270.
  • Spencer T and Whatmore S 2001 Editorial: Bio-geographies: putting life back into the discipline. Transactions, Institute of British Geographers 26, 139-141.

Conference proceedings

  • Hamylton S and Spencer T 2009 Classification of seagrass habitat structure as a response to wave exposure at Etoile Cay, Seychelles. Proceedings of the 3rd EARSeL Workshop Remote sensing of the coastal zone, Bolzano, Italy, 1-7.
  • Lendzion J, Möller I, Spencer T, Hayes A and Zerbe S 2009 The sea-defence function of coastal brackish grasslands and reed beds at the southern Baltic region. In: Conference Proceedings, Climate Change: The environmental and socio-economic response in the southern Baltic region, Szczecin, Poland. University of Szczecin / BALTEX, Szczecin / Geesthacht, 118.
  • Friess DA, Spencer T, Moller I, Smith GE and Thomson AG 2008 Geomorphological impacts of managed realignment on the external intertidal zone. Proceedings, EUROCOAST-Littoral 2008, Venice, Italy, 1-8.
  • Gardiner S, Nicholls RJ, Spencer T, Hanson S, Richards J and Zhang Z 2008 Coastal habitats, climate change and spatial planning: Lessons from the Solent Region, UK. Proceedings of the Solent Protection Society Conference, 17th September 2008, 36-46.
  • Friess DA, Spencer T, Smith GM, Möller I and Thomson AG 2006 Thinking outside the box: Visualising the external impacts of managed realignment. Proceedings, Littoral 2006, Gdansk, Poland, 7, 35-40.
  • McFadden L, Spencer T and Nicholls RJ 2005 Identifying vulnerable wetland systems: Modelling the large-scale response of wetlands to sea-level rise. In: Wallendorf L, Ewing L, Rogers S and Jones C (Eds.), Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2005. ASCE, Reston, 453-465.
  • Thomalla F, Brown J, Kellman I, Möller I, Spencer T, Spence R 2002 Towards an integrated approach for coastal flood impact assessment. In: Ewing L and Wallendorf L (Eds.), Proceedings, Solutions to Coastal Disasters '02. ASCE, Reston, 142-158.
  • Schans H, Möller I, Spencer T 2001 Large-scale classification of the East Anglian coastline. Proceedings, 4th Conference on Coastal Dynamics (CD01), Lund, Sweden, 683-692.
  • Möller I, Spencer T, French JR, Leggett DJ and Dixon M 2000 A new perspective on the sea-defence value of salt marshes. Proceedings of the 35th MAFF Conference of River and Coastal Engineers 5-7 July, Keele, UK, 11.11.1-11.11.4.
  • French JR, Watson CJ, Möller I, Spencer T, Dixon M and Allen R 2000 Beneficial usage of cohesive dredgings for foreshore recharge. Proceedings of the 35th MAFF Conference of River and Coastal Engineers 5-7 July, Keele, UK, 11.10.1 - 11.10.4.
  • Thomalla F, Brown J, Kelman I, Möller I, Spence R and Spencer T 2000 Coastal Settlements at Risk: A Study of England's East Coast. Proceedings, International Symposium on River Flood Defence, Universität Gesamthochschule Kassel, Kassel, Germany. Kassel Reports of Hydraulic Engineering 9, F263-273.

Book chapters

  • Spencer T and Reed DJ 2010 Estuaries in: Burt TP and Allison RJ (Eds.), Sediment cascades: An integrated approach. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, 403-432.
  • Spencer T, Slaymaker O and Embleton-Hamann, C 2009 Landscape, landscape-scale processes and global environmental change: synthesis and new agendas for the twenty-first century. In: Slaymaker O, Spencer T and Embleton-Hamann C (Eds.), Geomorphology and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 403-423.
  • McFadden L, Spencer T and Nicholls RJ 2006 Coastal wetland loss and climate change: Towards a global perspective. In: Lasserre P, Viaroli P and Campostrini P. (Eds.) Lagoons and Coastal Wetlands in the Global Change Context: Impacts and Management Issues, (Proceedings of the International Conference COASTWETCHANGE. IOC Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM), Dossier No 3. Paper 13), UNESCO-ROSTE and CORILA, Venice, 113-120.
  • Spencer T, DaMosto J, Fletcher CA and Campostrini P 2005 Venice and the Venice Lagoon; creating a forum for international debate. In: Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.), Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 3-5.
  • Spencer T, DaMosto J and Fletcher CA 2005 Introduction: geological and environmental context. In: Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.), Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 17-19.
  • Spencer T, Spence RJS, DaMosto J and Fletcher CA 2005 Introduction: urban flooding and the urban system. In: Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.), Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 143-145.
  • Spencer T, Guthrie PM, DaMosto J and Fletcher CA 2005 Introduction: large-scale engineering solutions to storm-surge flooding. In: Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.), Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 241-243.
  • Spencer T, Fletcher CA and DaMosto J 2005 Introduction: physical processes, sediments and morphology of the Venice Lagoon. In: Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.), Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 355-357.
  • Fletcher CA, DaMosto J and Spencer T 2005 Introduction: ecological processes and environmental quality. In: Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.), Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 489-491.
  • DaMosto J, Spencer T, Fletcher CA, and Campostrini P 2005 Venice and the Venice Lagoon: communication, uncertainty and decision making in an environmentally complex system. In: Fletcher CA and Spencer T (Eds.), Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 643-647.
  • French JR and Spencer T 2001 Sea level rise. In: Warren A and French JR (Eds.), Habitat Conservation: Managing the Physical Environment. J. Wiley, Chichester, 305-347.
  • Spalding MD, Teleki K and Spencer T 2001 Climate change and coral bleaching. In: Green RE, Harley M, Spalding MD and C Zöckler C (Eds.), Impacts of climate change on wildlife. RSPB, Sandy, 38-39.

Other publications and materials

  • Da Mosto J, Morel T, Gabin R, Tonin S, Fracchia F, Agnoletto R, Mattassoglio F, Somers Cocks A, Spencer T and Tantucci E 2009 The Venice Report: Demography, tourism, financing and change of use of buildings. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 104pp.
  • Lacambra C, Spencer T and Moeller I 2008 Tropical coastal ecosystems as coastal defences. In: ProAct Network. The Role of Environmental Management and Eco-Engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. ProAct Network / United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. Available at: http://proactnetwork.org/proactwebsite/
  • Friess DA, Spencer T and Möller I 2008 Managed realignment and the re-establishment of saltmarsh habitat, Freiston Shore, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom. In: ProAct Network. The Role of Environmental Management and Eco-Engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. ProAct Network / United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. Available at: http://proactnetwork.org/proactwebsite/
  • Hagan AB and Spencer T 2004 Vulnerability of coral reefs to climate and sea-level rise: A review paper for DINAS-COAST (Dynamic and Interactive Assessment of National, Regional and Global Vulnerability of Coastal Zones to Climate and Sea-Level Rise (Project Number: EVK2-2000-22024), Cambridge Coastal Research Unit, Cambridge, 37pp.
  • Vafeidis AT, Nicholls RJ, Boot G, Cox J, Grashoff P, Hinkel J, Maatens R, McFadden L, Spencer T and Tol RSJ 2004 A global database for coastal vulnerability analysis (DINAS COAST). LOICZ Newsletter 33, 1-4.
  • Spencer T 2001 Introduction to Shoals science. In: Burnett JC, Kavanagh J and Spencer T (Eds.), Shoals of Capricorn Field Report 1998-2001: Marine science, training and education in the western Indian Ocean. RGS – IBG, London, xxvi - xxxi.
  • Spencer T and Turner JD 2001 An introduction to the Mascarene Plateau and its region. In: Burnett JC, Kavanagh J and Spencer T (Eds.), Shoals of Capricorn Field Report 1998-2001: Marine science, training and education in the western Indian Ocean. RGS – IBG, London, xxxii - xxxv.
  • Spencer T 2001 17 entries in: Matthews JA (Ed.), The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Environmental Change Arnold, London.

Working Papers

  • Hanson S, Nicholls RJ, Balson P, French JR, Spencer T and Sutherland WJ 2007 Capturing coastal morphological change within regional integrated assessment: an outcome-driven fuzzy logic approach. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UEA, Working Paper 113, 1-39.
  • Gardiner S, Hanson S, Nicholls RJ, Zhang Z, Jude S, Jones A, Richards J, Williams A, Spencer T, Cope S, Gorcznska M and Bradbury A 2007 The Habitats Directive, Coastal Habitats and Climate Change – Case Studies from the South Coast of the UK. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UEA, Working Paper 108, 1-17.
  • Nicholls RJ, Hansen S, Balson P, Brown I, French JR and Spencer T 2005 Capturing geomorphological change in the coastal simulator. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UEA, Technical Report 46, iii+ 63pp.
  • Pearson, S, Rees J, Poulton C, Dickson M, Walkden M, Hall J, Nicholls R, Mokrech M, Koukoulas S and Spencer T 2005 Towards an integrated coastal sediment dynamics and shoreline response simulator. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UEA, Technical Report 38, 53pp.

Teaching

  • Geographical Tripos (Undergraduate level)
  • Graduate Training Programme
  • MPhil in Conservation Leadership (Senior Examiner 2014-2017)

External activities

Awards and External activities

  • Shoreline responses to storm impacts: North Norfolk coast, southern North Sea Oral presentation, EGU General Assembly, Vienna, April 2016
  • Creating an East Anglian Coastal Knowledge Centre Contribution to meeting on the formation of a Norfolk and Suffolk Coastal Partnership, Norwich, March 2015
  • From '53 to '13: responding to east coast storm surges 60 years apart NERC Biodiversity & Ecosystem Service Assessment in the Coastal Margin (BESA) advanced training short course, invited lecture, Arnside, Morecambe Bay, February 2015
  • Modelling flood risk on the North Norfolk coast in RISC_KIT Presentation to the Environment Agency and UK Met. Office flood forecasting teams, Peterborough, September 2014
  • 5 December 2013 storm surge impacts in North Norfolk and Suffolk Coastal Habitats 2100: The east coast response to tidal surges. Inter-Agency Workshop, Environment Agency, Norwich, March 2014
  • An update on the impact of extreme weather on the British environment including insights from the recent storm surge in Norfolk Rural Futures Seminar 1: Understanding environmental change, University of Cambridge Programme for Sustainability Leadership, January 2014
  • More than MOSE: Challenges for the sustainability of Venice and the Venice lagoon in the 21st century 'Italian Landscapes' CIRN Symposium, University of Cambridge, May 2013
  • Subsidence from resource extraction and its geomorphic consequences 'Anthropogeomorphologie' International Seminar Series, University of Vienna, November 2013
  • Responses of the urban ecosystem to the challenges of climate change The future of Venice and its lagoon in the context of global change, UNESCO International Conference, Venice, November 2011
  • Terrestrial and coastal landscape evolution on tropical islands (with HA Viles) Islands: Palaeonotology, Geology & Tectonics Lyell Meeting, Geological Society, London, October 2011
  • Why the health of the Venice lagoon has implications for the city's heritage Installations and catalogue (with J Da Mosto), 12th Venice Architecture Biennale, British Pavilion, Venice, August 2010 [reviewed in Nature 467, 529 on 30.09.2010]
  • Geomorphology and the consequences of global climate change Invited oral presentation in session 'Geomorphic response to environmental change', European Geophysical Union General Assembly, Vienna, March 2010
  • Geomorphology's contribution to the global environmental change debate Solicited oral presentation to open session on 'Geomorphology and global environmental change', 7th International Conference on Geomorphology, Melbourne, July 2009
  • Those most curious rings of land: coral reefs from Darwin to now Invited Darwin Bicentenary Lecture, Royal Geographical Society, London, January 2009
  • UK Government (DEFRA) –nominated Review Editor on 'Small Islands', IPCC Working Group II, Fifth Assessment Report, 2010-2014
  • Co-Chair, International Working Group, International Association of Geomorphologists' research theme on 'The Geomorphological Implications of Future Climate Change', 2005-09
  • UK Government (DEFRA) -nominated expert reviewer, IPCC Working Group II and Synthesis Report, Fourth Assessment Report, 2005-07
  • "Biological buffers at the coast" Progress in Physical Geography Plenary Lecture, RGS-IBG Annual Conference, London, 2006
  • Member, Steering Committee, International Technical Summit "Envisioning the future of the Gulf Coast: Using engineering and science to protect communities, the economy and the ecosystem" BP / America's Wetlands / Universities of Louisiana / State of Louisiana, 2005 - 2006
  • Murchison Award, Royal Geographical Society 2004 'in recognition of a body of publications on coastal geomorphology'
  • Gill Memorial Award, Royal Geographical Society 1992 'for contributions to the study of coral reefs'
  • Lead organiser, International Discussion Meeting "Atmosphere - ocean - ecology dynamics of the Western Indian Ocean"", Royal Society of London, 2004
  • Co-Organiser, Science Meeting "The Big Flood" (meeting on the fiftieth anniversary of the 1953 floods), Royal Society of London, 2003
  • Co-Organiser, International Discussion Meeting "Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon: State of Knowledge", Churchill College, Cambridge, 2003
  • Chair, Scientific Committee, Chair, Local Organising Committee and Editor, Abstracts Volume, European Meeting of the International Society for Reef Studies, Robinson College, Cambridge, 2002
  • Member, Research Programmes Review Group (strategy for future research programmes), RGS-IBG, 2001-02
  • Co-organiser of mini-symposium and speaker, "Global climate change and coral reefs: geographic and ecological perspectives" 9th International Coral Reef Symposium, Bali, Indonesia, 2000
  • Co-leader, Southern Seychelles Atoll Research Programme 1998
  • "Bioconstruction, bioerosion and disturbance on coral reefs and carbonate rocky coasts", invited speaker, 29th Annual Binghamton Meeting, Woods Hole, Mass., USA, 1998
  • Science Co-ordinator, Chair of Science Advisory Panel and Member, Planning Board, Royal Geographical Society / Royal Society Shoals of Capricorn Programme to the Mascarene Ridge, Indian Ocean 1997 - 2001
  • "Coral reefs and global environmental change", invited keynote speaker, OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management, RHBNC, University of London, 1997
  • "Geomorphic hazards in coastal environments", invited keynote speaker, 28th International Geographical Congress, The Hague, The Netherlands, August 1996
  • Member, Expeditions and Fieldwork Committee, Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) 1996-2004
  • Co-organiser, International Discussion Meeting "The Biogeography, Ecology and Prehistory of the Pitcairn Islands", Linnean Society, London, 1994
  • Leader, Northern Cook Islands Scientific Expedition, 1993
  • Coral reef geomorphology: sea levels past, present and future", 3rd International Geomorphology Conference, Hamilton, Canada. Organiser and Chair of Symposium "Geomorphic impacts of sea-level rise", 1993
  • Member of Council, Institute of British Geographers, 1992-95
  • Royal Society Overseas Field Research Board, 1992-93
  • UK Co-ordinator for 15 month, multinational, interdisciplinary expedition to the Pitcairn Islands, S.E. Pacific, 1991-92
  • Royal Society South East Asian Rainforest Research Committee, 1990-95
  • Invited plenary address "Global environmental history: interaction and change in the geosphere-biosphere system" 26th Congress International Geographical Congress, Sydney, Australia, 1988

Editorial responsibilities:

  • Chair, British Geomorphological Research Group (BGRG) Publications Committee, 1999-2002
  • Series Editor (with O Slaymaker and A Orme), "Understanding global environmental change: Themes in physical geography" (Addison Wesley Longman), 1997-2003, now moved to Blackwell as "Environmental Systems and Global Change Series", 2004-
  • Editorial Board, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms (Wiley: Chichester) 1996-2004
  • Editorial Board, Coral Reefs (Springer : Berlin), 1994-96
  • Editorial Board, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers (Ling : London), 1994-2002
  • BGRG Editor, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms (Wiley: Chichester), 1990-96